How are drugs classified according to their origin?

Article by: Ana Isabel Martos | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Of mineral origin: sulfur, iodine, phosphates, arsenicals, calcium and iron salts, etc. Of animal origin: hormones (insulin), vitamins (A, E), fish liver (oil) and bile salts precursors of semi-synthetic steroids (corticoids and sex hormones).

How are drugs classified according to their origin?

Drugs can have a natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic origin. Drugs of natural origin can be of animal (snake venom, thyroid powder, etc.), vegetable (opium, belladonna, coca, etc.) or mineral (sodium bicarbonate, aluminum hydroxide, etc.) sources.

How are the Classification of drugs classified?

Classification of drugs according to their form of administration. Depending on their form of administration, you can find, on the one hand, oral ones, such as syrups, tablets or capsules. On the other hand, there are the intravenous or intramuscular ones (such as ampoules and vials) and the intradermal ones (such as insulins).

What is the origin of medicines?

Medicines are now obtained from a wide variety of sources. Many medicines were developed from substances found in nature, and are still extracted from plants even today. Some medicines are made in laboratories, mixing a series of chemical substances.

How are medicines classified according to their nature?

The foregoing, based on the General Health Law, in article 224, classifies medicines by their preparation method as Magistral, Office and Pharmaceutical Specialty: and by their Nature in Allopathic, Homeopathic and Herbal.

21 related questions found

How are medicines classified according to their usual use?

There are various criteria for classifying drugs, such as the ATC code (Anatomical, Therapeutic, Chemical) used by the WHO or other simpler ones, such as those guided by their pharmaceutical form (solid, liquid…), depending on the route of administration (oral, rectal,…) or according to your indications.

How many classes of drugs are there?

Medications are divided into 14 main groups (1st level) with 2 therapeutic subgroups (2nd and 3rd levels). This system was modified and extended with the addition of a chemical/therapeutic subgroup as the 4th level and a chemical subgroup as the 5th level.

What are the most used drugs?

What are the most prescribed medications?

    Simvastatin – To control cholesterol. … Aspirin – Almost for everything. … Omeprazole – For heartburn. … Lexothyroxine sodium – To replace thyroxine. … Ramipril – For hypertension. … Amlodipine – For hypertension and angina. … Paracetamol – To relieve pain.

What does ibuprofen do?

The active substance is ibuprofen. Each tablet contains 600 mg of ibuprofen. The other ingredients are: Core: microcrystalline cellulose, tricalcium phosphate, croscarmellose sodium, povidone, stearic acid, talc.

What is the basic drug list?

✓ Core List: Consists of the minimum drugs needed for a basic health care system, and includes the most effective, safe, and cost-effective drugs for priority disorders.

How are medicines classified according to article 226?

ARTICLE 226.

Medications, for sale and supply to the public, are considered: I. Medications that can only be purchased with a prescription or special permit, issued by the Ministry of Health, in accordance with the terms indicated in Chapter V of this Title; II.

What does article 226 of the General Health Law say?

Medications that do not require a prescription to be purchased and that can be sold in establishments other than pharmacies. Medications or other health supplies may not be sold at semi-fixed stalls, mobile or itinerant modules.

What are the medicines that are part of article 224?

Article 224 Bis. – Orphan drugs: Medications intended for the prevention, diagnosis or treatment of rare diseases, which have a prevalence of no more than 5 people per 10,000 inhabitants.

What are group 1, 2 and 3 drugs called?

The medicines contained in fractions I, II and III are considered controlled, this means that for their sale and supply it is necessary to present a medical prescription (with all the data and information about the doctor and patient) that has an autograph signature of the doctor that emits it.

What are the first level drugs?

The types of drugs included in this group are: those that act primarily on smooth and skeletal muscles and on the respiratory system, drugs of local action, hormones and synthetic substitutes, depressants of the nervous system and others.

What are second level drugs?

Level 2: Medications with comparable active ingredients at a pharmacological or therapeutic level, particularly with active ingredients related in their chemical components.

What medications are Group VI?

Section VI. Medications that do not require a prescription to be purchased and that can be sold in establishments other than pharmacies. Medications or other health supplies may not be sold at semi-fixed stalls, mobile or itinerant modules.

What are the 4 groups of drugs?

Group IV. Medications that require a prescription to be purchased, but that can be refilled as many times as indicated by the prescribing doctor.

What are the medicines that are prepared according to the formula prescribed by a doctor?

Magisterial: When they are prepared according to the formula prescribed by a doctor, II. Officinal: When the preparation is carried out according to the rules of the Pharmacopoeia of the United Mexican States, III.

What does article 221 of the General Health Law say?

Medicines: Any substance or mixture of substances of natural or synthetic origin that has a therapeutic, preventive or rehabilitative effect, that is presented in pharmaceutical form and is identified as such by its pharmacological activity, physical, chemical and biological characteristics.

How long is a prescription valid for?

The prescriptions that the patient has in paper format that are still pending presentation are valid for 90 days from the date of the prescription. The professional who makes prescriptions on paper may prescribe medications for the next 3 months of treatment of the patient in order to avoid their attendance at the office.

What is the validity of a special prescription?

The treating physician may prescribe a maximum of two presentations of the same product, specifying its content. This prescription will be valid for thirty days from the date of its preparation.

What does ibuprofen reduce inflammation?

Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) derived from propionic acid, used effectively for the treatment of pain, fever, and inflammation.

When should ibuprofen not be taken?

Do not take Ibuprofen Kern Pharma 600 mg

If you have severe liver or kidney disease. If you have had an ulcer or bleeding in the stomach or duodenum or have suffered a perforation of the digestive system. If you vomit blood. If you have black stools or bloody diarrhea.

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