How did the Aztecs or Mexicas live before the arrival of the Spanish?

Article by: Dr. Francisco Javier Lucio | Last update: April 10, 2022
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However, according to most specialists on the subject, the Aztec people were characterized by a kind of vital pessimism and a resigned attitude that saw men as toys of the gods. By virtue of this, his life was very austere and based on severe rules of coexistence.

What was life like for the Mexica before the arrival of the Spanish?

They lived by hunting and collecting wild fruits. They were nomads: they changed places according to the seasons of the year, in search of fruits and animals, as well as shelters to withstand the inclement weather during the coldest days.

What was life like for the Mexica before?

From the tlatoani to the ordinary citizen, the Mexica used to wash themselves and take a bath two or more times a day. It was practically compulsory to bathe before going to sleep. Instead of using soap, the Mexica resorted to copalxocotl and the root of the saponaria, baptized by the Spanish as “soap tree”.

How do the Mexica live?

The dwellings were located on a chinampa or plot of land, to one side of the family’s farming area. They generally consisted of a rectangular floor plan with a single entrance and adobe or bajareque walls, covered with white stucco. They used to have from one to three rooms and lacked windows and wooden doors.

How did the Aztecs live?

How did the Aztecs live? The way of life of the Aztecs was based on family and home life, agriculture with the cultivation of land, religion and war, and art. The Aztec empire was a civilization that inhabited the central and southern region of Mexico, in the period from 1300 to 1521 approximately.

16 related questions found

Where and how did the Aztecs live?

Geographic location

This civilization came from northeastern America and created an empire in the fifteenth century in Mexico. Its population was organized in small nomadic clans and they were specialists in hunting. The “Aztec Empire” encompassed Mexico and much of Central America.

Where did the Aztecs live?

The Aztec people originated from the mythical land of Atzlán, located north of the Mesoamerican area (present-day northern Mexico) and home to a series of cultures called Chichimecs.

What are the characteristics of the Mexica?

The Mexicas civilization was the last Mesoamerican civilization, but it was the strongest and most powerful, they had a complex and rich religious, astronomical, cosmological, political and artistic tradition; mainly because they came from traditions of other older Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmecs,…

What was the world like according to the Mexica?

According to the Aztecs there were four previous worlds or suns as they called them, each ruled by a specific god, a unique human race and devastated by a different natural phenomenon. Each of these suns was linked with the basic elements: earth, water, air and fire.

What was life like for the Mexica before allying with the lords?

They were poor and backward, so they were frowned upon by the inhabitants of the manors of Toltec origin already established in the lake basin of Mexico, the people of Texcoco, Azcapotzalco and Culhuacan who dominated those lands.

How was the Mexica world created?

According to the accepted official history, on an islet to the west of Lake Texcoco, the Mexicas founded Mexico-Tenochtitlan in the year 2 Calli or 1325 where, according to the official myth, the prophecy of an eagle devouring a snake on a nopal was fulfilled. .

What was the god of the Mexica?

Tláloc, Quetzalcóatl, Tezcatlipoca and Huitzilopochtli, gods capable of protecting a people, had their counterpart in them; this did not mean antagonism, rather it was the manifestation of the duality that prevailed in the Mexica culture, asserted Sosa Salazar.

What was the shape of the earth like for the Aztecs?

The Aztecs considered that several suns had existed before. They had been the sun of the earth, followed by those of the wind, fire and water. They all perished in a cataclysm.

What is the capital city of the Aztecs?

Mexico City-Tenochtitlan began as an island connected by canals to neighboring towns.

Where was the capital of the Aztec empire located?

The Aztec Empire reached the shores of Lake Texcoco, where they founded the city of Tenochtitlán. From this city they began to dominate the territories and the inhabitants of the area, building a powerful Empire that extended until the arrival of the Spanish.

Where is the Aztec pyramid located?

The largest of them all is the Pyramid of Cholula, located in Puebla, Mexico. However, the best known is the Great Pyramid or Templo Mayor, in Tenochtitlán, which is currently Mexico City. With more than 60 meters high, it was built to pay homage to Huitzilopochtli and Tlaloc.

Where and when did the Aztec culture develop?

Geographical location of the Aztecs

The Mexicas came from a Mesoamerican nomadic tribe that settled around the year 1325 in Mexico-Tenochtitlán, in the center of the current territory of Mexico, where Mexico City, the country’s capital, is currently located.

How do the Aztecs build their houses?

Houses were made of wood and loam, roofs were made of reeds, although pyramids, temples, and palaces were generally made of stone.

How did the Aztecs relate to the universe?

The Aztecs believed that the universe would collapse at the end of each cycle if the gods were not strong enough. In the New Fire ceremony, all the bonfires were extinguished and a human sacrifice was made. Afterwards, the town waited for dawn.

Who is Tlaloc and Quetzalcoatl?

The existence of the Aztecs was inextricably linked to their divinities, among which Huitzilopochtli (god of war), Quetzalcóatl (the feathered serpent, a cultural hero, discoverer of corn), Tlaloc (god of rain) and Coatlicue (goddess of corn) stood out. earth, mother of Huitzilopochtli).

How many gods are there of the Mexica?

Rafael Tena also pointed out that there were 15 main deities, such as Ometéotl, Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcóatl, Tláloc, Huitzilopochtli and Mictlantecuhtli, but up to 114 gods are mentioned in historical sources, which are divided into three groups: creators and providents, of agricultural fertility and human and pleasure, and…

What were the most important gods for the Mexica?

gods of aztec mythology

    Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl – Gods of creation. … Huitzilopochtli – God of war. … Quetzalcóatl – God of the wind. … Tezcatlipoca – God of heaven and earth. … Tlaloc – God of rain. … Coatlicue – Goddess of fertility. … Mictlantecuhtli – God of death.

How was the world created according to Toltec mythology?

Quetzalcoatl wandered to the “divine water” coast and immolated himself on a pyre in the middle of the coast, after four days he transformed into a quetzal bird that flew into the sky to become the planet Venus.

When did Mexica develop?

According to sources from the 16th century, it is considered that March 13, 1325 (2 house in the Mexica calendar) was the date on which the great Tenochtitlan was founded.

How was the Fifth Sun created?

Twenty-six years after the creation of the Earth, the gods decided to create a new sun. In the year 13-Ácatl in Teotihuacán, an assembly of gods was held ordering fasts and sacrifices, they wondered who would take charge of illuminating the world. Two gods offered themselves.

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