How is mental retardation classified?

Article by: Martín Munguía Jr. | Last update: April 10, 2022
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The degrees of mental retardation will be defined as follows: mild (IQ between 50-55 and 70), moderate (IQ between 35-40 and 50-55), severe: (IQ between 20-25 and 35-40) and , finally, deep (IQ less than 20-25).

What is mental deficiency and how is it classified?

The WHO defines the mentally handicapped as “individuals with an intellectual capacity significantly lower than the average that manifests itself in the course of development and is associated with a clear alteration in adaptive behaviors”.

How is mental disability classified?

Mild intellectual disability. Moderate intellectual disability. Severe intellectual disability. Profound intellectual disability / multiple disabilities.

How many types of intellectual disability are there?

Hence, there are different types of intellectual disability.

Different types of intellectual disability

    Mild intellectual disability: … Moderate intellectual disability: … Severe intellectual disability: … Profound intellectual disability:

How is intellectual disability measured?

The diagnosis of an intellectual disability is usually made through an intelligence or cognition test, usually assessed by IQ test scores.

41 related questions found

What is mental deficiency?

It is a condition diagnosed before the age of 18 that includes below average general intellectual functioning and a lack of skills necessary for daily living. In the past, the term mental retardation was used to describe this condition.

What is the difference between mental retardation and mental retardation?

It is important to highlight the difference between mental retardation and mental retardation. Mental retardation is one in which the child, according to his chronological age, does not reach an “adequate” intellectual level. Instead, mental retardation occurs when the child has a brain injury.

What are the causes of mental retardation?

However, some of the more common causes include genetic factors, such as those that cause Down syndrome or Fragile X syndrome, and environmental factors, such as drinking alcohol during pregnancy, which can cause alcohol syndrome in women. the fetus

What is a person with mild mental retardation like?

An intelligence quotient (IQ) of 50 to 69 is considered to correspond to mild mental retardation. They are patients who acquire language late, although they are capable of holding a conversation and, therefore, of expressing themselves in everyday life.

How is mental retardation manifested?

Mental retardation is a state of cognitive functioning significantly lower than normal for the patient’s age, which manifests itself during the course of development and is expressed by the deterioration of the patient’s adaptive capacities.

What is the difference between intellectual and mental disability?

Intellectual disability refers to intellectual functioning while mental illness is a distortion or exaggeration of reality.

What is deficiency in a person?

Deficiency: It is any loss or abnormality of a psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function. Disability: Any restriction or absence, due to an impairment, of the ability to perform an activity, in the manner or within the range considered normal for human beings.

How long does a person with an intellectual disability live?

The life expectancy of people with intellectual disabilities is between 10 and 20 years less than that of the general population. The reason, the deficiencies in the care suffered by this group, which causes them to be more likely to die from preventable causes.

What is intelligence and mental deficiency?

“Mental Deficiency is a disorder defined by the presence of incomplete or arrested mental development, characterized mainly by the deterioration of the specific functions of each stage of development and that contribute to the global level of intelligence, such as cognitive functions, those of the language, …

How many years does a special person last?

Global life expectancy is 72 years – that is, 70 for men and 75 for women. However, this changes with age. For example, a 69-year-old could live an additional 17 years, on average. If you can’t see the calculator, click here.

How to act with a person with intellectual disability?

Our advice

Interact directly with them, regardless of whether you are accompanied by another person. Only if you consider it really necessary, and in a second instance, address the person who accompanies you. Do not treat them in a condescending manner. Avoid treating or speaking in a childish manner.

What is severe intellectual disability?

3# Severe intellectual disability:

It is when the Intellectual Quotient is between 20 and 35, making those who suffer from it need very continuous supervision, since it almost always presents with neurological damage.

What is deficiency and examples?

Examples of an impairment that markedly restricts a life-saving activity include, but are not limited to, the following: Deafness markedly restricts hearing. Blindness markedly restricts vision.

What is disability and examples?

Physical handicaps: amputations, malformations, paralysis, loss of mobility, chronic diseases; prevent them from leading a normal life or making use of certain technical aids. Mental handicaps: mental illnesses or disorders, for example, Down syndrome.

How is a handicapped person?

[Persona] that he cannot carry out certain activities due to the alteration of his intellectual or physical functions’.

What are the most common intellectual disabilities?

Traditionally, when intellectual disability has been determined by levels, it is explained in this way:

    Mild intellectual disability: … Moderate intellectual disability: … Severe intellectual disability: … Profound intellectual disability:

What is intellectual disability and what are its main identifiable characteristics?

People with intellectual disabilities have difficulties in cognitive skills, that is, all those related to information processing: attention, perception, memory, problem solving, understanding, establishing analogies,…

What are the types of disability?


What are permanent disabilities?

Types of permanent disability

    Absolute permanent disability: These are people who cannot carry out any type of profession, since they have a very serious functional reduction. Absolute disability: It is a very serious irreversible disability.

What is the worst disability?

According to morbidity statistics, the worst disabilities are: rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases of the bone system; coronary diseases; respiratory and lung diseases; mental disorders, including depression; diabetes; heart and brain attacks; cancer; system disorders…

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