How is the immortality of the soul demonstrated?

Article by: Paula Carranza | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Two of the arguments used to demonstrate the immortality of the soul, reminiscence and simplicity, are based on the theory of Ideas. The other two, that of opposites and that of the vital principle, in beliefs typical of the time.

How is the immortality of the soul understood?

1st Our soul is incorruptible, that is to say, it does not contain in itself any principle of destruction or death. 2nd The life of our soul is not linked to that of our body; from which it follows that, by virtue of its nature, it survives our body.

How does Plato show that the soul is immortal?

In short, Plato maintains that: 1) The soul is the true self of the human being. It is spiritual and immortal, because when the body is destroyed in death, the soul leaves its miserable remains and migrates to a beyond where it will receive rewards or punishments according to its behavior in the previous life.

Who said that the soul is immortal?

Plato already declared her “immortal”. Only the body, consisting of parts, is corrupted; but the soul, being a simple reality, is immortal. Furthermore, if the ideas that the soul grasps are eternal, this will also be eternal.

What did Aristotle say about the immortality of the soul?

The soul pre-exists the body and, after the death of the body, returns to its previous state. So, while the body is perishable, the soul is immortal (Aristotle, trans.

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What does Plato tell us about the soul?

Plato interprets the soul mainly in two senses: the soul as that which allows living beings to carry out vital activities, and, in the case of the human soul, as the divine and immortal principle that empowers us for knowledge and the good life.

What does Plato say about death?

Plato gives us to understand that death is a fact as real as life; We think that the conscious and realistic acceptance of death as a process that is part of life can be very beneficial for individuals and our society.

Why does the soul have to be immortal according to Kant?

Kant justifies the postulate of the immortality of the soul in the Critique of Practical Reason insofar as he shows that without the belief in the immortality of the soul, the moral law would lose its validity.

What is the meaning of life according to Kant?

Kant maintains there that life is “the faculty of a being to act according to the laws of the faculty of desire”6, that is, it is the faculty of a being that is capable of being the cause of the effective reality of the objects of its representations. .

What is death for Kant?

In the eighteenth century, Kant, linking, to some extent, with the Epicurean and Stoic tradition, expressly affirmed the impossibility of thinking about one’s own death: «The thought: I am not, cannot exist; because if I am not, neither can I be aware that I am not».

What is Kant’s main idea?

Kant’s philosophy does not deny the existence of God, nor a moral order, nor the thinkable reality of a physical world. What he denies —except morally— is that human reason can transcend and reach those entities in themselves: be they the “world”, “God” or the “soul”.

What did the philosophers think about death?

If death betrays us and we die in a bad way, everyone laments: we must die as we live. Death is non-transferable, like life. If we do not die as we live, it is because the life we ​​live was not really ours: it did not belong to us just as the bad luck that kills us does not belong to us.

What do the philosophers say about death?

Martin Heidegger: defined death as something that occurs in the now of man’s life. Thomas Aquinas: talks about the evil that death represented, simply because with it life ends. Hegel: says that death frees the spirit that is locked in nature.

Why is philosophy according to Plato a preparation for death?

In this context, the Platonic thesis acquires particular relevance according to which the dedication to Philosophy constitutes a preparation for death: “those who philosophize in the correct sense of the word exercise themselves in dying, and it is men who find it less fearful to be dead” (Plato 157).

Where is the soul according to Plato?

According to such a theory, the human body would be inhabited by three kinds of souls: the concupiscible soul, the irascible soul and the rational soul, located respectively in the belly and lower belly, in the chest and in the head.

What does philosophy say about life after death?

What is after death according to philosophy

For Socrates, what follows after death is that the soul separates from the body and this happens for its evolution and its highest good. Plato supports the thesis that the soul is immortal and that it is released from the body to return to its eternal origin.

What is philosophy according to Kant?

Philosophy, according to Kant, differs from rational knowledge “in that it presents in a separate science what the second conceives only as mixed” (5). Whoever mixes the principles of a pure morality, for example, with its empirical part breaks the very purity of customs and goes against his own goal.

What is death?

Death is the end of life due to the organic impossibility of sustaining the homeostatic process. It is the end of the living organism that had been created from a birth.

What happens after death according to Aristotle?

Death means for man the separation of soul and body. Being the immortal soul and the corruptible body, Plato will identify the man properly with his soul, for which, in some way, he conceives the idea that the end of the life of the man is beyond his life in the Earth.

What is life in philosophy?

For other philosophers, life is a set of experiences. Within this conception, life cannot be understood by other disciplines since it is something that happens, it happens to living beings, which is why it cannot be defined with exact science.

What are the three parts of the soul according to Plato?

Now, these three virtues belong, each one of them, to a part of the soul: wisdom to the rational soul; courage to the irascible soul and temperance to the concupiscible soul.

What did Plato say about reincarnation?

Plato is the main exponent of reincarnation in the Greeks that we know of. In his work Phaedrus, he writes how the human soul, according to the discovery of the truth that it has reached, will be born in one type of body or another. These existences suppose tests so that the souls are perfected.

How is the world according to Kant?

The way Kant understood these terms is as follows: World means the mathematical whole of phenomena. Nature means the dynamic whole of phenomena (Cf. Kant, (1956), A-418, B-446: 390).

What did Aristotle say about the soul and the body?

Aristotle does not identify the soul with the body, but the soul is an entity composed of matter and structure and form that is of a body; the body is, so to speak, the one that “performs the function of subject and matter”12.

What is the function of the soul for Aristotle?

Aristotle argues in his book De anima (On the soul) that there are three types of soul: the vegetative, the sensitive and the rational: The vegetative soul is that of plants; assumes functions for the maintenance of life: sensitive and control of local movement. All living beings have it.

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