How is the new life of the inhabitants of New Spain?

Article by: Ismael Rodrigo | Last update: April 10, 2022
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The roads and streets were full of homeless people, especially Indians and caste members. Pulque was the drink par excellence. There were many small and large pulquerías, and there was no lack of street vendors, who sold pulque even in religious processions.

What was life like for the inhabitants of New Spain?

Most of the Indians of New Spain lived in towns or even in smaller settlements, the so-called “subjetillos” or “estancias.” In contrast, the Spanish generally lived in towns and cities. From here comes our idea that peasant and indigenous were almost synonymous concepts.

What were the customs in New Spain?

The bullfights, the burning of Judas, the cockfights and the parades of “La tarasca”, a cardboard dragon. To break the monotony of daily life, the people of New Spain were very fond of gambling: cards, bets and lotteries.

How is the society of New Spain?

Novohispanic society was divided into several groups, according to the color or ethnicity of the people. The Spanish were always a minority, but they owned most of the land and the mines. They occupied all the important positions, in the government and in the church. They participated in trade.

How are the inhabitants of New Spain organized?

The political organization of the Viceroyalty was made up of various kingdoms, general captaincies and manors, hierarchically organized under the command of the viceroy, who in turn obeyed the peninsular authorities of the crown, in the Royal Council of the Indies.

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How is the Spanish colonial society shaped?

3.5 Colonial society

estate characterized by the existence of three large social bodies: nobility, clergy and commonwealth. Social mobility was very scarce and whoever was born in a noble birth died noble and whoever was born a peasant ended his days in the same way.

How are viceroyalties organized?

The viceroyalties were in turn divided into governorates, intendancies and municipalities. Within the municipalities, the most important institution was the town hall, which was in charge of the government and administration of the cities and their surroundings.

What are customs and traditions?

Customs are the set of qualities or inclinations and uses that form the distinctive character of a people or human group. The custom always implies some idea of ​​value or, at least, of convenience for the group, while the tradition is simply a “compulsory” social use.

How were the religious customs in New Spain?

In the capital of the viceroyalty, the great religious festivals were celebrated publicly and their organization and control —meticulously planned and codified— were carried out under the patronage of the Cabildo or City Council of the city, the Ecclesiastical Chapter of the Cathedral and the different religious orders .

What was the way of life of the indigenous during the viceroyalty?

During the conquest the Indians were distributed or entrusted or a Spaniard (the encomendero) who used his energy in mining or agricultural tasks. The encomenderos had to watch over the faith of the indigenous as well as their clothing and food.

What was everyday life like for the Indians?

In addition to the above, indigenous peoples build houses in various ways and live in regions with very different landscapes. The diet of each group also varies greatly, some groups only eat fish, others hunt various types of animals, others even raise cattle and chickens to eat.

How are religious festivals performed?

These celebrations, of course, take place in the church, followed by a party at the home of the parents of those celebrated, at the home of a relative or in halls rented for this type of occasion.

What religious ceremonies were celebrated in New Spain?

The official religious festivities were the festival of Candelaria, Holy Week, Corpus Christi, the Assumption of Our Lady, that of Santa Rosa de Lima, that of Our Lady of Remedies, that of Our Lady of Guadalupe and the festivity of Saint Peter and Saint Paul.

How were saints and sacred characters celebrated in New Spain?

The celebration began with a solemn procession that went through the main streets of the city; The most attractive thing for the spectators who followed him with devotion was the presence of the “Tarasca”, a kind of monstrous snake that symbolized the triumph of Christ over sin.

What is a custom examples?

For example, eating a chocolate egg at Easter or a nougat at Christmas, having pasta for lunch on Sundays or wearing black as a sign of mourning are some widespread traditions in several countries. Tradition, therefore, is something that is inherited and forms part of the identity.

What are customs and traditions for children?

Customs are the ways in which a community behaves and celebrates; such as their dances, festivals, food, language or crafts. Traditions is the inheritance of all these customs that parents transmit to their children either orally or in writing and pass from generation to generation.

What is a custom and an example?

Customs are forms of particular behavior that a whole community assumes and that distinguish it from other communities; such as their dances, festivals, food, language or crafts. These customs are transmitted from one generation to another, either in the form of oral or representative tradition, or as institutions.

What are the 4 viceroyalties of America?

This was formed by four great viceroyalties: New Spain, Peru, Río de la Plata and New Granada.

How do viceroyalties work?

These entities were governed by a viceroy, who, by appointment of the king, was assigned the duty of administering and governing a country or province, which was generally located separately from the central territory of the kingdom.

What is the function of viceroyalties?

The viceroyalty constituted the highest territorial and political-administrative expression that existed in Spanish America and was intended to guarantee the dominion and authority of the peninsular monarchy over the recently discovered lands.

What are the characteristics of a colonial society?

Colonial society in Chile was stratified, that is, it had little social mobility and was made up in hierarchical order by the Spanish conquerors, their descendants (criollos), the mestizos, the indigenous population, and the slaves.

What traditions and festivities of the colonial era still endure?

You will review some traditions that have lasted to this day, from the colonial era; we refer to the Day of the Dead, the carnival and the patron saint festivities, because through them, we can recognize the regional cultural diversity and the religious syncretism of these festivities.

What was the most important festival in New Spain?

The celebration of the conquest of Mexico City took place without major setbacks until the beginning of the imperial crisis. Before that date, in 1789, one of the most important modifications that the conquest festival underwent before 1808 began and was resumed later.

How do we manifest our religiosity?

So, religiosity is expressed or manifested in specific beliefs impregnated with rituals in a system of practices aimed at expressing a pious feeling or piety around certain sacred images that are venerated in geographical, political-cultural and cheap…

How do indigenous people live?

People who speak indigenous languages ​​are in severe conditions of poverty, among other factors, due to discrimination, the social undervaluation of their work and also due to the intensive exploitation of their labor.

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