How to identify a cactus plant?

Article by: Gerard Simon | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Depending on its development, the bush reaches a height of approximately five meters. In open and dry fields it is very common to see beautiful and dense trees of this type of plant. Very small and fine spines develop on the green leaves (scientifically called glochids).

How to recognize the nopal plant?

The leaves and fruit (or prickly pears) of all Opuntia are edible. You will be able to identify them by their oval shape, and their loose, lollipop-like leaves, covered in small spines.

How to describe a nopal?

The nopal is a succulent plant that measures on average between 1.5 and 3 meters in height. The stems (cladodes or “shovels”) are flattened and grayish-green.

How is the nopal tree?

Description. The nopal is a plant that, although very different from other groups of trees such as conifers or palm trees, can be confused with other cacti. It is a perennial and succulent species, that is, it does not lose leaves in one season of the year and stores a large amount of water in its stems.

What is the difference between nopal and cactus?

In the case of nopales (Opuntias) and cardenches, the areolas do not actually develop hard spines as in the rest of the cacti, since the areola forms a different spine called glochids, glochids, ahuete or avocados, similar to little cushions of soft villi covered with a papyraceous-type sheath (sheet …

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How to identify a cactus?

Main characteristics of cacti

And they usually have thorny stems and roots. The stem of cacti is usually smooth and swells to store and collect water. Very few varieties of cacti have leaves, and those that do are usually covered with spines.

What is the nopal that is eaten?

The nopal as we consume it obeys the part of the plant called cladodes, which are fleshy and flattened and whose spines are removed. The fruit, called prickly pear, is also edible and later we will have an x-ray of it.

What properties does the nopal have?

He explained that the nopal contains vitamins A, complex B, C, minerals such as calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron and fibers in lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, and mucilage that, together with the 17 amino acids, help eliminate toxins. caused by alcohol and cigarette smoke.

How long does it take to bear fruit?

It blooms once a year and both the fruit and the flower can be of different colors, from yellow to red.

How long does it take to grow a cactus plant?

Irrigation: Start 20 days after planting. Planting time: March and/or August. Age at first harvest: 40 to 60 days.

How is the texture of the nopal?

The nopal, with a hard texture, green color and thorny body, is found from the north to the center of Mexico. In our country there are more than 100 species of this cactus.

What is nopal vegetable or fruit?

The nopal is a plant that survives only with rainwater, but when it is cultivated, a greater amount of water is necessary to obtain greater production. In the nopal vegetable, a constant emission of shoots is required, so the water requirements are also constant.

What kind of plant is the nopal?

Nopales are the most widely distributed genus of the cacti family and were named by Linnaeus in 1753 as Cactus opuntia. Subsequently, Miller corrected and Opuntia ficus-indica was designated as the type species of the genus, of which about 220 species are recognized today and between 60 and 90 exist in Mexico.

What is the difference between nopal and prickly pear?

The nopal is a tree whose leaf is edible and the prickly pear is its fruit. In both cases, it is an ingredient that is very rich in water and low in calories. Above all, they offer complex carbohydrates because their sugar content is very low and they mostly contain fiber.

How many times is the nopal watered?

If the land is dry, irrigation begins 15 to 25 days after planting and, when the rains fail, during the spring-summer cycle irrigations are made every 20 days and during the autumn-winter cycle every 30 days. days.

How does the nopal flower?

The flowers, in the form of a crown, are born from the areoles at the edges of the segments. It blooms once a year and both the fruit and the flower can be of different colors, from yellow to red.

What does a nopal need to grow?

Feed nopales with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. In warm climates, well-cared-for plants can be harvested up to six times a year, and established plants can produce 20 to 40 half-pound pads at each harvest.

What if I eat nopales every day?

The nopal helps to improve health thanks to the fact that it reduces the concentration levels of sugar in the blood and with it the risks of suffering from liver diseases are reduced. Due to its high calcium content, the risk of developing osteoporosis can be prevented.

What are the diseases that nopal cures?

The prickly pear cactus, also known as nopal, opuntia, and other names, is touted for treating diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity, and hangovers. It is also touted for its antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties.

What happens if I drink nopal juice every day?

According to specialists, the nopal is very useful to prevent diabetes, since it manages to stabilize and regulate the level of sugar in the blood. For this same reason, in addition to preventing, it can control diabetes and hyperglycemia.

What kind of nopales are there?

Of approximately 200 species of prickly pear, 101 (93 Opuntia and eight Nopalea) live in Mexico. Of the ninety-three Opuntia species, sixty-two are endemic to the country and of the eight Nopalea species, six are endemic, according to botanist Leia Scheinvar.

What is the edible prickly pear?

Six types of prickly pears: from white to garambullo

    White prickly pear.Red prickly pear.Xoconostle.Pitahaya or Pitaya.Copao.Garambullo.

What is better raw or cooked nopal?

Raw or cooked? Nopal can be used in many ways, whether in juice, soup, main course or dessert. It can be eaten cooked, roasted or raw, however, by consuming it raw we obtain a greater supply of vitamin C.

How do you know if it’s a cactus or a succulent?

The most common have their chubby or cushioned leaves produced by the water, which allows them to be long-lasting with little watering. On the other hand, cacti (Succulents belonging to the Cactaceae family), have an important fleshy stem where they reserve water, which may or may not have spines, depending on their species.

How is the cactus plant?

Cacti and succulents are plants belonging to the cacti family, that is, those that accumulate water in their tissues to adapt to dry and hot environments. In addition, they are resistant varieties that require very little care.

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