What are the effects of pollution in our community?

Article by: Ms. María Pilar Rocha | Last update: April 10, 2022
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According to the World Health Organization (WHO) “urban air pollution increases the risk of suffering from acute respiratory diseases, such as pneumonia, and chronic diseases, such as lung cancer and cardiovascular diseases”.

What are the effects of pollution?

In particular, air pollution can cause cardiovascular problems, allergies, asthma attacks, conjunctivitis, bronchial diseases, lung or skin cancer, vision problems, blood problems in the child’s mental development, among others.

How does pollution affect living things?

Respiratory problems, cardiovascular diseases, problems in cognitive development, fertility problems or cancer are some of the diseases that living in a city with high levels of environmental pollution can lead to.

How does water pollution affect the development of living beings?

Pollution involves the reduction or disappearance of biodiversity and aquatic ecosystems, altering the food chain and causing diseases when drinking or using contaminated water.

How does pollution affect animals and plants?

The consequence of industrial activities and transport, pollutes the atmosphere, is responsible for the destruction of large forests, affects the soil that is contaminated with acidic substances that hinder or prevent the growth of new plant species, which favors erosion. ground.

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What are the effects of soil pollution?

Soil contamination causes a chain reaction. It alters the biodiversity of the soil, reducing the organic matter it contains and its ability to act as a filter. The water stored in the soil and groundwater is also polluted, causing an imbalance of its nutrients.

What are the causes and effects of air pollution?

Air pollution is the presence in the atmosphere of substances, materials or forms of energy that pose a serious nuisance, danger or damage to humans or the environment, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment .

What are the causes of pollution?

Causes of environmental pollution

Excessive logging. Industrial emissions and discharges into the atmosphere and hydrosphere. Extraction, processing and refining of fossil fuels (oil, coal and natural gas). Energy production with fossil fuels and other non-renewable sources.

What are the effects of air pollution on ecosystems?

Atmospheric pollution, in addition to affecting people, animals, plants and goods, causes other problems related to the changes that occur in its composition, such as: climate change, acid rain and the destruction of the ozone layer. phenomena that globally affect the…

What are soil contaminants?

Among the main soil contaminants are: Heavy metals, pathogenic microorganisms, hydrocarbons, pesticides, garbage, acids and tailings water, among others.

What are the factors that affect the soil?

What pollutes the soil? The rubbish that is thrown anywhere. Urban and industrial areas are those with the greatest risk of soil contamination, due to the concentration of productive and consumption activities that generate large levels of waste. Pesticides for industrial and domestic use.

What is the most polluting soil?

Some examples are pesticides, hydrocarbons and solvents. Contamination by waste disposal: It occurs when an accumulation of waste is carried out in a certain place, directly contaminating the soil after its degradation, exposure to the environment and leaching.

What is a soil contamination and what are the main contaminants?

The main causes of soil contamination are: plastics thrown without control, uncontrolled dumping of organic matter from sewage treatment plants or agricultural activities, application of pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides) without following safety instructions or substances…

How is soil contaminated for elementary school children?

Likewise, children should know that soil contamination is mainly caused by:

Human or man activities. Agricultural, agricultural, mining, domestic, economic, social, political, cultural and environmental activities. Factories, industries and companies. Residues and solid waste.

How is soil contaminated example?

Among the most common anthropogenic causes of soil contamination, the FAO highlights industry, mining, military activities, waste management —technological garbage comes in here— and wastewater, agriculture, livestock and infrastructure construction urban and transportation.

How to contaminate the soil?

Soil is often contaminated in a variety of ways: when underground storage tanks are breached, when pesticides are applied, by seepage from sewers and cesspools, or by direct accumulation of industrial or radioactive products.

How to contaminate a soil?

The soil is contaminated by: • Solid waste thrown by people: glass, paper, plastic, metal, etc. Chemical waste (harmful substances) discharged from factories. Waste from mining activity. The use of toxic substances in agriculture, such as pesticides.

How does the environment affect animals?

Let’s be clear: animal production is directly related to the loss of biodiversity and wildlife, whether through habitat loss, culling of wild animals or leaving them to starve, overfishing, pollution of ecosystems or exacerbation of the effects of change …

How does pollution affect plants?

The effects of air pollution can be manifested by the alteration of various vital mechanisms of plants: metabolic functions and tissues can be affected by various gaseous compounds with sulfur or fluorine.

How does water pollution affect living beings in our country and the world?

And what are the main consequences that this causes? First, the disappearance of biodiversity and aquatic ecosystems. Human beings are also greatly affected by the alteration in the food chain and contract diseases by drinking or using contaminated water.

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