What are the main currents of thought?

Article by: Ismael Quintanilla | Last update: April 10, 2022
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The 11 most important philosophical currents

Idealism. Idealism is a current that is characterized by interpreting the world as something dual, in this way ideas are accessed through knowledge and sensitivity. … Realism. … Skepticism. … Dogmatism. … Rationalism. … Empiricism. … Criticism. … Positivism.

What are the three currents of thought of modernity?

In modern thought, known as the Renaissance, different theories of knowledge were developed, among the main ones are: rationalism, empiricism and idealism (Marías, 1980).

What is the most important philosophical current?

Some of the main philosophical currents are idealism, empiricism, rationalism or irrationalism. Today is World Philosophy Day! That is why we present some writers and philosophers who have left us a great legacy. Writing is that unifying bridge between literature and philosophy!

What are the 3 types of philosophy?

Types of philosophy according to their content

moral philosophy. Moral philosophy is responsible for examining the problem of what is good and evil and what kind of actions are considered good and bad, and also reflects on whether there is a single criterion to determine the latter. … Ontology. … Epistemology.

What are the new philosophical currents?

The 20th century also saw the rise of new philosophical currents, such as logical positivism, phenomenology, existentialism, poststructuralism, and philosophical materialism.

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What are the 4 philosophical currents?

The 11 most important philosophical currents

Idealism. Idealism is a current that is characterized by interpreting the world as something dual, in this way ideas are accessed through knowledge and sensitivity. … Realism. … Skepticism. … Dogmatism. … Rationalism. … Empiricism. … Criticism. … Positivism.

What are the philosophical currents and what does it consist of?

A philosophical current is a group that includes different thinkers, who share the same ideas, tendencies or thoughts.

What are the types of philosophy?

If so, keep reading!

    Metaphysics. This branch of philosophy was developed thanks to such illustrious authors and thinkers as Immanuel Kant, Socrates, René Descartes and Aristotle. … Esthetic. … Epistemology. … Ethics. … Politics. … Philosophy of language.

What are the 2 types of philosophy that exist?

According to the relation of man and reality

According to this criterion, which refers to the way in which man perceives himself with respect to the world around him, there are two types of philosophy: Eastern or monistic and Western or dualistic.

What is philosophy types of philosophy?

in Latin as philosophĭa) is an academic discipline and a set of reflections and knowledge of a transcendental nature that, in a holistic sense, studies the essence, the first causes and the last ends of things. It tries to respond to a variety of fundamental problems about issues like…

What is the philosophical current of Baruch Spinoza?

Spinoza was a rationalist, understood as a member of the philosophical current that emerged in Europe during the seventeenth century.

What are the two most important currents of modern times?

Two models of philosophical thought and assessment of knowledge: Rationalism and Empiricism proper.

What is the modern current?

Modern philosophy is defined as the intention to come to the same terms of intellectual involvement to solve problems arising from the scientific revolution and encompasses great thinkers from the time of the Renaissance from the fourteenth century to around the year 1800.

What are the most important currents of the Middle Ages?


    2.1 Patristics.2.2 Islamic philosophy.2.3 Jewish philosophy.2.4 Averroism.2.5 Scholasticism.

How many branches of philosophy are there?

The 30 branches of Philosophy (and what each one consists of)

What is the goal of philosophical currents?

Philosophical Currents has as main objectives the promotion of critical and autonomous thinking, the promotion of communication, social interaction and the promotion of student creativity.

What are the characteristics of the modern current?

The characteristics of this type of society, which appeared with Modernity are: Increased production through the organization and division of labor. Development of factories where work is organized. Invention and manufacture of machines that replace manual labor.

What characteristics does modern philosophy have?

Modern philosophy supposes a true revolution in the conception of the human being and the world, and a radical break with the medieval tradition, which defended that only from faith can the truth be known.

What is the main theme of modern philosophy?

The themes of Modern Philosophy are: René Descartes and Rationalism. David Hume and Empiricism.

Who are the main philosophers of the modern age?


    Descartes tried to apply to philosophy the rational inductive procedures of science, and specifically of mathematics. … c) Malebranche (1638-1715)d) Leibniz (1646-1716)a) Locke (1632-1704)b) Hume (1711-1776)c) Berkeley (1685-1753)a) Voltaire (1694-1778) )b) Diderot (1713-1784)

Who are the most important modern philosophers?

Is about:

    Jürgen Habermas (Germany, 1929). … Judth Butler (United States, 1956). …Bruno Latour (France, 1947). … Slavoj Zizek (Slovenia, 1949). … Martha Nussbaum (United States, 1947). … Charles Taylor (Canada, 1931). … Alain Badiou (Morocco, 1937). … Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (India, 1942).

Who is the most representative philosopher of modern philosophy?

Pico della Mirandola, Nicolas de Cusa, Giordano Bruno, Galileo Galilei, Nicolas Machiavelli, Michel de Montaigne or Francisco Suárez, are some of the main representatives of the Renaissance. These authors are humanists, that is, they place the human being at the center of the philosophical debate.

Who are the most important philosophers?

The 5 most famous philosophers in history

    Socrates. This great teacher of philosophy and science was born in 470 BC in the now extinct Alopece in what is now Athens. … Plato. To speak of philosophy is to speak of Plato. … Thales of Miletus. … Heraclitus. … Aristotle.

Who was the first philosopher of the modern era?

April 2019. Descartes (1596-1650) is considered to be the first modern philosopher mainly because his work explicitly raises some of the questions that arose in a context of transition between medieval visions in crisis and the conformation of modern science.

What characteristics does modern and contemporary philosophy have?

Contemporary philosophy is one that encompasses the philosophical currents that emerged between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, up to the present. These currents are characterized by the search for answers to a series of social, political and economic concerns.

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