What are the two types of judges?

Article by: April Navas | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Ordinary: civil, criminal, contentious-administrative and social matters. Special: the military, customary courts (such as the Tribunal de las Aguas de la Vega de Valencia) and the court of jurisdictional conflicts.

What are the types of judges?

In the New Accusatory Penal System there are several types of judges, all of them are generally called Jurisdictional Body and depending on the stage of the procedure they participate in it, and they are: the Control Judge, the Trial Court, the of Appeal and the Execution Judge.

What is the first second and third instance?

“The trial of first instance is the one followed in the first degree, that is, before the lower court or tribunal; that of the second is the one that is substantiated in the second degree before the court that exercises superiority over the one that has heard in the first; and that of the third was the one that was followed last term or in degree…

What is the first and second instance?

Complete judicial procedure followed from its beginning to its conclusion, either before the competent judge or court to take charge of the matter (first instance), or on appeal before the superior court in case an ordinary appeal has been filed (second instance).

What are the types of specialized judges in Peru?

Justices of the Peace Lawyers; Specialized or Mixed Judges; Superior Judges, and Supreme Judges.

35 related questions found

How many specialized courts are there in Peru?

Of these, 51 are supreme judges, 768 are superior judges, 1,758 are specialized judges, and 638 are lawyer justices of the peace.

Who is the specialized judge?

In fact, through Law 2 of 1984 and Decrees 1806 and 1807 of 1985, Specialized Judges were created, who were assigned exclusive knowledge of crimes such as terrorism, kidnapping for ransom, extortion and related crimes, within a procedure with its own characteristics. .

What does it mean in the first instance?

adv. First of all , first of all , for the first time . 1.

What is the second instance?

1. Process. Legal possibility of reviewing a sentence by the legally determined superior court.

What is the first instance?

It is said that a Court is of First Instance because it is the first to know the conflicts and it is the first response that citizens receive after submitting such conflicts to the courts. This is where legal claims begin their process.

What is a third instance?

proc.; C. Rica Ordinary appeal granted to the parties as a means of challenging judgments of first or second instance.

What is a court of third instance?

Court of Third Instance – composed of a magistrate appointed by the Government and four associate judges appointed by mutual agreement of the parties. Court of Second Instance – Made up of three magistrates and a prosecutor appointed by the Government.

What are the organs of second instance?

[DPro] In the double instance system, the second instance is made up of the Aryan superior jurisdictional bodies that have issued a sentence in the first instance, who are responsible for reviewing the judicial decision adopted by the lower bodies, constituting the appeal resource the means .. .

How many judges are there in criminal proceedings?

It can be made up of one or three judges, in the event that there are three judges, one will be the presiding judge. They deal only with the fourth stage of the criminal process.

How many judges are there in Colombia?

Colombia today has 4,861 judges; that is, 11 per 100,000 inhabitants. Also in the United States there are 11 judges for every 100,000 inhabitants.

How many judges are there in the judiciary?

At the end of 2019, 1,437 magistrates and judges were registered. Of which, 78.6% corresponded to men and 21.4% to women.

What is the meaning of the word instance?

At the behest or request of someone.

What is an instance and examples?

the instance. The instance is the document that is used to request something from the Public Administration; for example: apply for admission to participate in an opposition; ask the City Council for a license to carry out work on the home, apply for a scholarship, etc.

What is done in the courts of first instance?

The Court of First Instance is the one in charge of resolving civil issues or conflicts that do not have a criminal range. Its operation is governed by judges of first instance who are in charge of working, very closely, with social events.

What do specialized courts do?

It is the one that solves the controversies of the acts of commerce. WHAT IS A SPECIALIZED COURT IN INTEGRAL JUSTICE FOR ADOLESCENTS? It is the one that resolves on crimes that are sanctioned by criminal laws committed by adolescents between 12 and under 18 years of age.

What are specialized crimes?

The Criminal Judges of the Specialized Circuit hear, in the first instance, the following crimes:

Genocide. Aggravated homicide according to numerals 8, 9 and 10 of article 104 of the Penal Code. Aggravated personal injuries according to numerals 8, 9 and 10 of article 104 of the Penal Code.

What judge knows the homicide?

The judge of the place where the crime occurred is competent to hear the trial.

What are the specialized courts?

The Specialized or Mixed Courts depend on the Superior Court and operate in a province. As its name indicates, the Specialized Courts are dedicated to judging certain matters that can be Civil, Criminal, Labor, Family, Customs Crimes and Tax Crimes.

How many civil courts are there in Lima?

To meet the population’s demand for justice, the Court of Lima has: 7 Civil Chambers, 1 Mixed Chamber, 5 Contentious-Administrative Chambers, 2 Civil Chambers with Commercial Sub Specialty, 6 Criminal Chambers Free Prisoners, 4 Criminal Chambers Prisoners in Prison , 4 Liquidating Criminal Chambers, 1 Criminal Appeals Chamber, 3 …

How many judges are there in Peru 2021?

“In Peru we have about 3,300 judges and approximately 1,000 of them are supernumerary. In addition, there are about 6,500 prosecutors, of which more than 2,600 are provisional. Supernumerary judges make up almost 30% of the total and provisional prosecutors close to 40%.

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