What consequences did the rubber boom bring to the indigenous populations of the Amazon?

Article by: Ing. Esther Redondo Tercero | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Thus, while in Europe and the United States the demand for rubber for the tire industry skyrocketed, in Peru its exploitation caused the death of 30,000 indigenous people who inhabited the areas of Loreto and Putumayo.

What were the consequences of the rubber boom?

However, the exploitation of rubber brought another unsuspected consequence until then: internal migration and the colonization of different mountain areas where few had ventured before. With the extraction of rubber, it was necessary to establish agricultural areas to supply the settlements.

What are the causes and consequences of the rubber boom?

Its boom was a consequence of the strong demand for rubber by European industry and the States, while its fall, starting in 1914, was due to the entry into production of the shiringa (Hevea brasiliensis) plantations that Great Britain had established in its colonies in Southeast Asia, with…

What did the rubber boom mean for the development of our country?

The exploitation of rubber, also called “jebe” or shiringa by the natives of the jungle, became important at the end of the 19th century and meant the awakening of Amazonian cities such as Iquitos in Peru (in 1851 it was a modest fishing village with less than 200 people becoming, in 1900, a thriving city of …

What was the rubber boom?

Between 1882 and 1912, the so-called “Rubber Boom” was a holocaust for Amazonian indigenous peoples such as the Huitotos, Boras and Andokes. Julio Cesar Arana was one of the Peruvians who marked the history of our country with his ambition.

37 related questions found

What impact did rubber have on the economy of Peru?

It was precisely in the 1880s that Peru began to take advantage of the Old Continent’s need for rubber. The extraction of this raw material allowed the cities of the Amazon, especially Iquitos and Manaus, to have higher incomes.

Why and how was rubber exploited in Peru?

The exploitation of rubber was increasing and occurred both in the jungle of Peru and in other Amazonian territories. Rubber is the juice or latex that is extracted from different plants or large trees, these being the heveas, the guayule, the elastic ficus, the castilloa ulei, among other species.

What are the causes of the exploitation of rubber?

The real cause of the fall in the price of rubber was the entry into production of the plantations that Great Britain had established in its colonies in Southeast Asia, with seeds stolen in Santarem (Brazil) by a character specially commissioned for this purpose: Henry Wickham , who for this fact received …

What caused rubber fever?

The demand for rubber at the end of the 19th century caused a kind of “rubber rush” to begin, similar to that of gold a few decades earlier in the United States of America and Canada.

What company exploits rubber in Peru?

Rubber was exported through the Peruvian Amazon Company, based in London, which even had shares on the London stock exchange.

Where was the rubber exploitation carried out?

This article deals with the extraction and commercialization of rubber in South America, specifically in the Amazon region of Brazil and Peru, analyzing mainly the time of its peak between 1879 and 1912, a period commonly known as the first rubber fever.

Who is Sabino Arana?

Julio César Arana del Águila (Rioja, San Martín, 1864-Magdalena del Mar, Lima, 1952) was a Peruvian rubber businessman and politician. He amassed a large fortune with the exploitation of rubber in the Amazon region.

What places were built in Iquitos during the rubber boom?

    Iquitos Amazonian Museum.Pablo Morey del Aguila’s Chalet.Irapay House.Cohen House.Iron House.Old Palace Hotel.Masonic Temple.Morey House.

How was the rubber fever in Peru?

The Rubber Fever lasted 30 years (1885-1915) and had both a blessing and a curse: enslaved indigenous people, sudden fortunes, and a new city in the middle of the jungle. Iquitos is the largest city in the world without road access. Until today a trip from Lima can only be done by plane or by river.

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