What did Robert Boyle discover?

Article by: Carlota Guajardo Segundo | Last update: April 3, 2022
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Robert Boyle was an Irish philosopher, chemist, physicist and inventor, also dedicated to Christian theology, and particularly known for the formulation of the law that bears his name: Boyle’s Law (or Boyle-Mariotte), which links the volume and the pressure of a gas subjected to a constant temperature.

What did Robert Boyle prove?

-Demonstrated its elastic properties, that it had weight, studied the role of respiration and combustion in the transmission of sound. -The reciprocal relationship between volume and pressure of a gas (air), commonly known as Boyle’s Law.

What did Robert Boyle discover about gases?

In the second edition of this work (1662) he exposed the famous property of gases known as the Boyle-Mariotte law, which establishes that the volume occupied by a gas, at constant temperature, is inversely proportional to its pressure. …

How did they discover Boyle’s Law?

It was discovered by Robert Boyle in 1662. … Boyle’s law states that the pressure of a gas in a closed container is inversely proportional to the volume of the container, when the temperature is constant. Volume is inversely proportional to pressure: If pressure increases, volume decreases.

When was Boyle’s law discovered?

The Boyle-Mariotte law was formulated independently by the British physicist and chemist Robert Boyle in 1662 and the French physicist and botanist Edme Mariotte in 1676.

42 related questions found

Who discovered the ideal gas law?

The French physicist Edme Mariotte (1630-1684) independently discovered Boyle’s law in 1680, specifying that it holds in isothermal conditions (constant temperature). [48]. For this reason, the law that establishes an inverse relationship between the pressure and the volume of a gas is known as the Boyle-Mariotte law.

What did Boyle observe in 1660?

Boyle was the first to study the effect of pressure on the volume of gases. He observed that all gases behave the same when subjected to changes in pressure, as long as the temperature remains constant.

What did Robert Boyle say on the matter?

According to Robert Boyle, a chemical element is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances. He notes the depth of the change in attitude: it is the establishment of science as a process.

What contributions did Boyle and Lavoisier make?

He discovered the chemical nature of combustion, arguing that it was due to the combination of materials with a component of the air that he called oxygen. At the same time, thanks to these and other studies, he formulated the law of conservation of matter: “Matter is neither created nor destroyed.

How does Boyle define a chemical element?

Boyle defined elements as “chemical substances which cannot be separated into different components by any means” and added that in a mixture, the intervening bodies each retain their properties and are easy to separate from one another, while in a combination , the constituent parts lose …

What did Boyle observe as he filled the column of the U-bent tube with mercury?

To carry out his experiments with gases, Boyle used a J-shaped tube. A quantity of gas is trapped in the tube behind a column of mercury. Boyle changed the pressure to which the gas was subjected by adding mercury to the tube, noting that the volume of the gas decreased with increasing pressure.

What experiment did Boyle and Hooke use and what did they conclude?

Boyle, along with his assistant Hooke, are considered the two most important experimenters of the 17th century. he piston of a closed cylinder and attributed the resistance he encountered to the “forza del vuoto”, the force of the vacuum.

What are the 3 ideal gas laws?

General gas law

    Mathematically it can be formulated as:Boyle’s Law states that the pressure-volume product is constant:Charles’ Law shows that volume is proportional to absolute temperature:Gay-Lussac’s Law says that pressure is proportional to absolute temperature:

Where does Boyle’s law apply?

Boyle’s law is a law that allows us to study the behavior of gases and is usually studied in physics and chemistry. It relates the pressure of the gas to the volume, while other parameters such as temperature and amount of substance are held constant.

What does Boyle’s law tell us?

He studied the compression of gases and came to discover the law now known as the Boyle-Mariotte law: At constant temperature, the volume of a dry gas is proportional to the inverse of the pressure. In other words, the product of pressure times volume is constant when the temperature does not change.

What is Boyle’s law examples?

Boyle’s Law is a gas law that relates the volume and pressure of a certain amount of gas at constant temperature. In 1662 Boyle discovered that the pressure exerted by a gas is inversely proportional to its volume at constant temperature and gas quantity: P = k / V → P · V = k (k is a constant).

What aspect did Mariotte clarify in Boyle’s Law?

This law establishes that the pressure of a certain gas in a sealed container will always be inversely proportional to the volume of the container when it is at a constant temperature, therefore, while the pressure increases, the volume decreases and vice versa.

What does Boyle’s law say PDF?

Boyle’s Law

It establishes that, at constant temperature, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is inversely proportional to the pressure it exerts, that is, if the volume increases, the pressure decreases, and if the pressure increases, the volume decreases.

What kind of relationship is there between P and V?

P/V = Constant.

Who gave the concept of chemical element?

In many texts Robert Boyle is usually considered as the scientist who introduced in Chemistry a concept of element different from the one used by the Aristotelians or by the alchemists and which served as the antecedent to the one formulated by Lavoisier in 1789.

Who defined the concept of chemical element?

THE CONCEPT OF CHEMICAL ELEMENT. The definition of element, simple substance, offered by Lavoisier in his “Traité Élémentaire de Chimie” coincides with that formulated by Boyle a century earlier.

What was the first definition of a chemical element?

The name ‘chemical element’ is due to the Irishman Robert Boyle (1627-1691), a precursor of modern chemistry who used this terminology to name a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler ones using ordinary chemical methods.

What was Lavoisier’s contribution to the periodic table?

Antoine Lavoisier identified more than 20 chemical elements and classified them into metals, non-metals, transition metals and metalloids, in 1789 he published a list of 33 chemical elements. John Dalton created the first atomic model and published a table of atomic weights.

What was the importance of Lavoisier’s contributions?

Antoine Lavoisier was the father of modern chemistry because he introduced the quantitative method to this science. The French chemist is responsible for the law of conservation of matter. He insisted on weighing and measuring everything, as physicists had done for a long time.

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