Article by: Jesus Matos | Last update: April 10, 2022
Metaphase II: Chromosomes line up one above the other along the middle of the cell, similar to how they lined up in mitosis. The spindle attaches to each centromere of each chromosome. Anaphase II: Sister chromatids separate as the spindle shortens and move to opposite ends of the cell.
- 1 What happens in metaphase 2?
- 2 What happens in telophase 2?
- 3 What happens in meiosis 2?
- 4 What does 2n chromosomes mean?
- 4.1 What does 2n 38 mean?
- 4.2 What does it mean for a cell to be 2n 2c?
- 4.3 What happens in meiosis 1 and 2?
- 4.4 What are the phases of meiosis 1 and 2?
- 4.5 What happens at each stage of meiosis?
- 4.6 How many chromatids are there in telophase 2?
- 4.7 How many chromosomes are in telophase II?
- 4.8 What happens in telophase 1 of meiosis?
- 4.9 What happens in metaphase of mitosis?
- 4.10 What happens in mitosis metaphase?
- 4.11 What are the phases of meiosis 1?
- 4.12 What are the stages of prophase 1?
- 4.13 What is meiosis 1?
- 4.14 What happens in prophase of meiosis 1?
- 4.15 What happens in anaphase 1?
- 4.16 What does 2n 4c mean in biology?
- 4.17 What does it mean for a cell to be 2n 6?
- 4.18 What determines the sex of dogs?
- 4.19 What is the number of chromosomes of the elephant?
- 4.20 What is the number of cat chromosomes?
What happens in metaphase 2?
Metaphase II: chromosomes are located at the equatorial plate. Anaphase II: Centromeres break and each chromatid moves to an opposite pole. Telophase II: Chromosomes condense, and nuclear membranes form around the new nuclei.
What happens in telophase 2?
In telophase II the same thing happens as in telophase I, that is, the chromosomes decondense, return to the form of chromatin and are again surrounded by the nuclear membrane. Cytokinesis also occurs, that is, the separation of the cytoplasm, and that’s it!
What happens in meiosis 2?
Meiosis II separates the chromatids producing two daughter cells, each with 23 chromosomes (haploid), and each chromosome has only one chromatid.
What does 2n chromosomes mean?
Chromosome number is represented as 2n. For example, in the human species 2n = 46, which means that we have 23 pairs of chromosomes.
29 related questions found
What does 2n 38 mean?
As mentioned above, the domestic cat karyotype is considered a model for the Felidae family. This has a diploid number of 38 (2n = 38) and a number of chromosome arms or fundamental number of 72 (NF = 72).
What does it mean for a cell to be 2n 2c?
– Call 2n2c or 2n-2c a diploid cell in G2, in which each chromosome of the cell has two chromatids. Actually, in replication the number of chromatids doubles, but the number of functional centromeres and, therefore, of chromosomes, is maintained.
What happens in meiosis 1 and 2?
In meiosis I homologous chromosomes are divided into two daughter cells, the phenomenon of crossing over occurs. In meiosis II, as in mitosis, each chromatid migrates toward one pole. The result is four haploid daughter cells (n).
What are the phases of meiosis 1 and 2?
Briefly, they are: genome duplication in S phase, meiotic prophase (leptotene, zigotene, pachytene, diplotene, diakinesis), meiosis I (metaphase I, anaphase I, interphase without S phase), meiosis II (prophase II, metaphase II , anaphase II).
What happens at each stage of meiosis?
Chromosomes condense. Metaphase II: Chromosomes line up at the metaphase plate. Anaphase II: Sister chromatids separate at opposite ends of the cell. Telophase II: Newly formed gametes are haploid, with each chromosome having only one chromatid.
How many chromatids are there in telophase 2?
Response. Mitosis, from prophase to metaphase, there are 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 chromosomes), each with 2 chromatids (92 chromatids), in anaphase the centromeres of the chromosomes divide, so that at the end of telophase there will be 2 daughter cells each with 46 chromosomes and 46 chromatids.
How many chromosomes are in telophase II?
In telophase it has 46 chromosomes because in metaphase the cell is divided into two and each one is left with 46 chromosomes.
What happens in telophase 1 of meiosis?
TELOPHASE I: The cell membrane forms again, giving two cells. The nuclear membrane fails to form and meiosis II begins. PROPHASE II: Without nucleus appears the spindle. METAPHASE II: Chromosomes line up at the equator of the cell.
What happens in metaphase of mitosis?
Metaphase is a stage in the cell cycle in which all the genetic material is condensed into the chromosomes. These chromosomes thus become visible. During this stage, the nucleus disappears and chromosomes appear in the cytoplasm of the cell.
What happens in mitosis metaphase?
Mitosis (M phase)
Metaphase: The replicated chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell. Anaphase: Chromosomes separate and cell elongates, with distinctive endings (poles) Telophase: Nuclear membranes re-form at both poles and new cell membrane.
What are the phases of meiosis 1?
The first meiotic division comprises four phases called prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, and telophase I, and ends when the cell membrane forms and two daughter cells originate.
What are the stages of prophase 1?
It is divided into five subphases: leptotene, zygotene, pachytene, diplotene, and diakinesis.
What is meiosis 1?
Meiosis /1. Meiosis is a special type of cell division that gives rise to male and female gametes or germ cells (sperm and egg cells, respectively), each containing half the normal chromosome complement.
What happens in prophase of meiosis 1?
Prophase is the first phase of mitosis and meiosis. It produces the condensation of all the genetic material (DNA), which normally exists in the form of condensed chromatin within a highly ordered structure called chromosome and the bipolar development of the spindle.
What happens in anaphase 1?
It is the third phase of mitosis and meiosis in which the duplicated chromosomes are separated. The chromatids are then moved to opposite poles of the dividing cell by the mitotic or meiotic spindle so that each daughter cell inherits one copy of each chromosome.
What does 2n 4c mean in biology?
diploid and haploid cell
2n = 2 4c n is the number of chromosomes and c is the amount of DNA.
What does it mean for a cell to be 2n 6?
The 2n=6 cell will have to present a total of 6 equal chromosomes two by two; the cell n=6 will have to present a total of 6 different chromosomes, all of them. Homologous chromosomes will be a pair of identical chromosomes.
What determines the sex of dogs?
We already know that there is a pair of chromosomes different from the others, which is the one that determines sex; in the case of females, they have two X chromosomes, therefore an XX pair, while males have one X and one Y, that is, an XY pair.
What is the number of chromosomes of the elephant?
For example, the cells of a dog contain 78 chromosomes, and those of an elephant 56.
What is the number of cat chromosomes?
The number of chromosomes is different for each species. But each species has a specific number of chromosomes: the dog has 78 and the cat 38.
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