What is chlorhexidine and what is it used for?

Article by: Ms. Sandra Romo Jr. | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Chlorhexidine (CHX) is an antiseptic mouthwash that is considered the gold standard antimicrobial treatment in the chemical prevention of plaque formation and gingivitis [1]. It not only inhibits the multiplication of plaque bacteria and yeasts, but also suppresses them.

How should chlorhexidine be used?

How to use Chlorhexidine? Chlorhexidine is used directly from the bottle to the mouth. We take it by mouth for 30 seconds. It is NOT mixed with water. We spit out the chlorhexidine when we have passed it well through our mouths and for the next 10 minutes we will not eat or drink anything.

What bacteria does chlorhexidine kill?

Spread spectrum

Action against gram+ and gram-, aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and even fungi and yeasts.

How long can chlorhexidine be used?

Dentists recommend mouthwashes with chlorhexidine with an average duration of 2 weeks and exceptionally one month. It should be used twice a day, one of them at night. In any case, we will follow the dentist’s guidelines for its use.

How long does it take for chlorhexidine to work?

In general, the patient should rinse their mouth with the mouthwash twice a day, for a time that varies from 30 seconds to a minute. Its effect remains for around 12 hours.

31 related questions found

What does chlorhexidine do in the mouth?

Chlorhexidine is an antiseptic substance with bactericidal and fungicidal action and is widely used for proper oral health. In fact, it serves as prevention of cavities, treatment of gingivitis and periodontitis. This is because it inhibits bacterial growth and even kills it.

Which chlorhexidine is better?

Chlorhexidine. (eg LACER® Chlorhexidine, BEXIDENT® GUMS, PERIO-AID® treatment and maintenance or PERIOKIN® Gums): It is the most powerful and most used antiseptic.

How many times can chlorhexidine be added?

How many times can I use chlorhexidine? It is usually recommended twice a day, the most important being before bedtime, although if it is prescribed for surgery, the ideal is to use chlorhexidine every time you eat something.

What is the best mouthwash for periodontitis?

Chlorhexidine is considered by many to be the best mouthwash. It is an aqueous solution with therapeutic active ingredients used mainly for the prevention and treatment of oral conditions, such as gingivitis or periodontitis through the reduction of bacterial plaque.

What is the best antiseptic mouthwash?

Listerine. The best according to the opinions in mouthwashes analyzed. Its products offer high efficacy against bacterial plaque and leave long-lasting fresh breath. Also, a small amount is enough to get excellent results.

Where does chlorhexidine work?

Mechanism of Action: Chlorhexidine destabilizes and penetrates bacterial cell membranes. Chlorhexidine precipitates the cytoplasm and interferes with membrane function, inhibiting oxygen utilization, leading to decreased ATP levels and cell death.

Why does chlorhexidine stain teeth?

However, chlorhexidine mouthwash can cause brown staining on teeth, because chlorhexidine has been shown to bind to hard and soft tissue.

What decreases the effectiveness of chlorhexidine?

Chlorhexidine gluconate should be stored at room temperature, as high or very low temperatures can abolish its effect.

How many times can I rinse my mouth with hydrogen peroxide?

Rinse mouth for 1 minute. It can be repeated up to a maximum of 4 times a day. It should not be used in the case of gingival wounds (see section 2).

How is advanced periodontitis cured?

If you have advanced periodontitis, treatment may require dental surgery, for example:

Flap surgery (pouch reduction surgery). … Soft tissue grafts. … Bone injert. … Guided tissue regeneration. … Tissue-stimulating proteins.

What mouthwashes contain chlorhexidine?

The mouthwashes of the GUM PAROEX® range contain chlorhexidine at two concentrations: 0.06% and 0.12%, and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) at 0.05%. Both substances are highly effective in fighting dental plaque and offer complete oral cleaning.

How to cure periodontitis naturally?

Aloe vera is one of the plants with the most medicinal properties and, therefore, it is also effective in the treatment of periodontitis. Therefore, you can also use its pulp to massage your gums. Homemade mouthwashes can help you both cure periodontal disease and prevent it.

What replaces chlorhexidine?

6 in a comparative study obtained the result that povidone iodine could be replaced by chlorhexidine to prevent catheter infections.

What is 0 12 chlorhexidine?

Chlorhexidine 0.12% PERIOAID® treatment 500ml

Perio Aid® is the oral antiseptic mouthwash indicated for the treatment and maintenance of periodontal and peri-implant diseases.

Which is better chlorhexidine or povidone iodine?

The authors of the meta-analysis conclude that chlorhexidine is superior to povidone-iodine in reducing the rate of surgical site infections. Chlorhexidine should be preferentially used in preoperative antisepsis in surgery with contaminated surfaces.

How effective is chlorhexidine?

Chlorhexidine mouthwashes at 0.05% concentrations have demonstrated their efficacy as antiplaque agents in numerous studies, both in vitro and in vivo studies, and in six-month clinical trials.

How to remove stains from teeth by chlorhexidine?

How are stains removed with prophylaxis? The elimination of the unsightly stains that chlorhexidine can produce is achieved by polishing the surface of the teeth, through professional dental and oral cleaning. The process is carried out with a rubber cup or with special brushes.

How to remove chlorhexidine stains on teeth?

To remove stains, a polishing of the surface of the teeth is performed. What we will achieve with this polishing, which is part of the prophylaxis treatment, is that the dental surface is completely smooth and that the extrinsic stains located in the dental enamel are eliminated.

How to remove chlorhexidine stains?

Clothes with chlorhexidine stains should be washed with hyperactivated oxygen, hydrogen peroxide or perborate, or with any other hydrogenated product with very hot water; With this, the stain will go unnoticed, although it is also true that its complete disappearance will probably not be achieved.

What does chlorhexidine do to the skin?

Chlorhexidine is a drug that works by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms on the skin. This drug binds to the wall of the microorganism and increases the permeability of the wall, favoring the entry of water into the interior of the microorganism.

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