What is philosophy for Plato and for Aristotle?

Article by: Alexandra Tapia | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Summary. He points out that Plato’s thought focuses on the knowledge of himself or his strength, while in Aristotle’s thought he highlights the most rational intelligence or the most logical procedure of his explanation.

What is philosophy for Plato and Aristotle?

Philosophy is the first science, conditioned by the other sciences, and it is the life that is consecrated to knowledge, the wise life. And it is in the name of philosophy that, in the book Alpha, Aristotle criticizes Plato.

What is philosophy for Plato?

Plato’s philosophy is a philosophy based on the world of ideas, this is the core of it, however, Plato also speaks of cosmology, anthropology, psychology, society, politics, ethics.

What is philosophy for Aristotle?

Contrary to Platonism, Aristotle developed an empirical philosophy where experience is the source of knowledge. According to his hylomorphic theory, each sensible entity or substance is composed of matter, that which constitutes things; and form, which organizes matter, the latter being its essence.

What is the relationship between Aristotle and Plato?

Both trust in the existence of a higher being; Plato thought of a demiurge who created the perfect world through ideas and Aristotle induces a motionless motor, which is the cause of creation. Likewise, both philosophers consider that a being needs to be sociable.

43 related questions found

What is Aristotle’s first philosophy?

The first philosophy is ontology. Aristotle says that “science par excellence must have as its object the being par excellence” (1026 to 21), that is, God, therefore it is also theology.

What does Aristotle teach us?

Aristotle helps us to perceive the cause of the emotion provoked by the tragic representation, and in his ethical-political reflections he moves us to understand the tremendous consequences of the absence of social conditions that guarantee material dignity; he specifies that the things truly proper to man, the …

What is the purpose of Plato’s philosophy?

The objective of his philosophy (Platonic FFA) is mostly political, since he was interested in this field from a young age. Plato, in all his works presents an interest and a political objective with which he tries to achieve a fair and harmonious society which is governed by justice and the common good.

What was Plato’s most important contribution?

The Theory of Ideas, one of the most important contributions of Plato. Plato defends the existence of two worlds or degrees of reality (ontological dualism). On one side is the sensible world, the physical world, of the senses, changing, subject to generation and corruption, the world of particular things.

What were Plato’s ideas?

The Theory of Ideas, one of the main ideas of Plato. Plato defends the existence of two worlds or two dimensions in reality. On one side is the sensible world, the world of physical things, of change, of multiplicity and is subject to generation and corruption.

What is the most important contribution of Aristotle?

But Aristotle was not a simple naturalist: he developed the first properly scientific study of living beings, and from it he formulated the first theory on the classification and systematics of animals, and a complete theory of science and the methodology of scientific research , for which it is…

What is philosophy part one?

The first philosophy deals with the principles and causes, therefore, the question about the nature and number of the principles corresponds to this science and not properly to physics.

What is the principle of philosophy?

A training to understand and give meaning to what is fair and true in terms of the near and immediate reality; to know how to establish coherence between thoughts, words, feelings and actions that allow transcending individual ethics to solidarity ethics, that of the common good.

Who is the father of philosophy?


This great teacher of philosophy and science was born in 470 BC in the now extinct Alopece in what is now Athens.

What are the 3 principles of philosophy?

Principles of identity, non-contradiction and excluded third party, logic, argumentation.

What are the parts of philosophy?

Philosophy is divided mainly into two parts: Theoretical Philosophy and Practical Philosophy, of which in turn the first distinguishes Rational Philosophy (the «Trivium» of the Liberal Arts) and Real Philosophy (Metaphysics, the «Quadrivium» of the Liberal Arts and the Physics or Philosophy of Nature), and the …

What is abstract philosophy?

Philosophy is a science that is based on the essence, characteristics, causes and effects of reality, and in a meticulous way seeks to respond to a variety of ethereal concepts such as existence, truth and ethics.

What are the characteristics of the first principle philosophy?

philosophical principles

According to Aristotle, the principle of non-contradiction is that according to which it is impossible for the same characteristic to belong and not belong to the same object in the same way and at the same time.

Who was Aristotle and his contributions?

Aristotle is considered the founder of logic, thanks to his approach to a system of syllogisms, and the father of biology, as he was the first person to classify living beings.

What was Aristotle’s contribution to ethics?

Aristotle emphasized that virtue is practical and that the purpose of ethics is to become good, not merely to know. Aristotle also asserts that the correct course of action depends on the details of a particular situation, rather than being brought about simply by the application of a law.

What were Aristotle’s contributions to ethics?

He proposed an ethics of virtues.

Aristotle defended the virtues of the spirit as primordial, that is, those that had to do with human reason, which for him was divided into two: the intellect and the will. Through them, man could dominate the irrational part of him.

What was Aristotle’s contribution to psychology?

Many scholars consider Aristotle to be the true father of psychology, as he is responsible for the theoretical and philosophical framework that contributed to the early beginnings of psychology. His book, De Anima (Into the Soul), is also considered to be the first book on psychology.

What are Aristotle’s contributions to psychology?

Such faculties would be those of the sensitive soul, which are to procure pleasure, avoid pain, and also imagination, memory and movement as a consequence of desire. We can say that Aristotle is, in a sense, the first information processing psychologist.

Who is Aristotle summary?

Aristotle was born in the year 384 BC in Stagira. When his father died, he was sent to Athens to enter Plato’s Academy, where he would remain for about twenty years: he received a higher education, became familiar with Platonic philosophy and ended up teaching rhetoric himself as a teacher.

What is a principle and its characteristics?

The principles are the set of values, beliefs, norms, which guide and regulate the life of the organization. They are the support of the vision, the mission, the strategy and the strategic objectives. These principles are manifested and become a reality in our culture, in our way of being, thinking and behaving.

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