What is the difference between hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism?

Article by: Oliver Franco | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Hypothyroidism develops when the thyroid gland does not produce the necessary amount of thyroid hormones that the body requires, while hyperthyroidism is the opposite, the thyroid gland produces too much of the hormones.

How can I tell if I have hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism?

In hypothyroidism there is a decrease or absence of function of the gland, that is, there is not enough thyroid hormone. In hyperthyroidism there is an excess of thyroid hormone, either due to increased function of the gland or for other reasons.

What is the most dangerous thyroid problems?

In its most severe form, hypothyroidism is known as myxedema, which represents a medical emergency. It can be caused by infection, illness, exposure to cold, or certain medications in people who are not treated for hypothyroidism.

What is more common hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism?

The most common alteration of the thyroid is its underactivity, a situation known as hypothyroidism. In this case the thyroid does not produce enough hormone. Thyroid overactivity or hyperthyroidism is less common, and occurs when the gland produces more thyroid hormone than is needed.

When is it considered hyperthyroidism?

You are considered hyperthyroid when your T4 and T3 levels are higher than normal and your thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level is lower than normal.

28 related questions found

What is low thyroid level?

Hypothyroidism, or low levels of thyroid hormone, is a common disorder. It can cause a variety of symptoms, including fatigue, weight gain, and feeling cold. It can also cause problems with your hair, skin, muscles, memory, or mood.

What is hypothyroidism gain weight or lose weight?

Most of the weight gain that occurs in hypothyroidism is due to excessive accumulation of salt and water. Rarely, hypothyroidism results in massive weight gain. In general, between 5 to 10 pounds of weight can be attributed to the thyroid, depending on the severity of the hypothyroidism.

How many types of hyperthyroidism are there?

Depending on the cause and symptoms, four types of diseases related to increased production of thyroid hormones can be listed:

    Subacute thyroiditis. It occurs when the thyroid becomes inflamed, which is usually due to a viral infection. … Toxic nodular goiter. … Diffuse toxic goiter. … Postpartum thyroiditis.

What TSH value is hypothyroidism?

In subclinical hypothyroidism (HypoSC) TSH levels are between 4.5-10 mU/L. Unlike clinical or definitive diseases, in STD the levels of thyroid hormones (T3, T4, free T4) are normal (1).

What level of TSH is dangerous?

Hypothyroidism is defined by elevated TSH concentrations with normal FT4 and is classified as: Mild: Between 4.5-10.0 mIU/L. It represents about 90% of cases and the most common cause is autoimmune. Severe: greater than 10 mIU/L.

What emotion affects the thyroid?

Yes, thyroid disease can affect your mood and cause anxiety or depression. In general, the more severe the thyroid disease, the more intense the mood swings. If you have an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), you may experience the following symptoms: Unusual nervousness.

What hurts when you have thyroid?

The most obvious symptom of subacute thyroiditis is pain in the neck, caused by a swollen and inflamed thyroid gland. Sometimes the pain can spread (radiate) to the jaw or ears. The thyroid gland may be sore and swollen for weeks or, in rare cases, months.

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism in women?

Here are some signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism:

    Fatigue.Increased sensitivity to cold.Constipation.Dry skin.Weight gain.Swelling of the face.Hoarseness.Muscle weakness.

What happens when TSH is high and T4 is normal?

When TSH is repeatedly high with normal FT4, it is usually due to early thyroid insufficiency (subclinical hypothyroidism).

When is TSH high?

Having high TSH levels can indicate that the thyroid is not producing enough thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism). Having low TSH levels can indicate that the thyroid is making too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism).

What part of the body does hypothyroidism affect?

Hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid, occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones to meet the body’s needs. Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of your neck.

What are the types of thyroid?

There are three main types of thyroid disorders:

    Hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid) Hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid) Cancer of the thyroid.

What is the difference between Hashimoto’s disease and hypothyroidism?

It is a condition caused by a reaction of the immune system against the thyroid gland. It often results in decreased thyroid function (hypothyroidism). The disorder is also known as Hashimoto’s disease.

What happens if hyperthyroidism is not treated?

If hyperthyroidism is not treated, it can cause some serious health problems, including: Irregular heartbeat that can lead to blood clots, stroke, heart failure, and other heart problems.

How to lose weight if I have hypothyroidism?

The most advisable, if you have weight problems, is to follow a diet low in fat, simple sugars and calories. One that reduces the consumption of saturated fats and foods rich in sugar, in which it is cooked with virgin olive oil and that prioritizes the consumption of vegetables, legumes, fruits and oily fish.

What foods are prohibited for hypothyroidism?

A person with hypothyroidism should avoid consuming:

    Raw salad of red cabbage, cabbage, and radishes. Take broth or soup or water resulting from boiling goitrogen foods. Soy and products made with soy as they increase the fecal excretion of the hormone thyroxine.

Which of the two thyroids makes you fat?

Weight gain is one of the most obvious symptoms of hypothyroidism. People who suffer from this disorder often gain weight for no apparent reason, despite maintaining their usual diet and lifestyle.

When is TSH low?

Hyperthyroidism: Low TSH normally indicates that the thyroid is excessively producing T3 and T4, increasing these values, and for this reason the pituitary decreases the release of TSH to try to regulate thyroid function.

What to do when TSH is low?

What can I do to increase TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) values?

Reduce the consumption of iodine if it is excessive. Consult with your doctor about the interference of possible medications you may be taking.

When you have thyroid do you feel something in your throat?

Sometimes a nodule can appear in a healthy thyroid gland. It may feel like a lump in the throat, or cause discomfort, tenderness, or pain in the front of the neck. A large nodule may be clearly visible in the front of the neck.

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