What is the labor movement in Ecuador?

Article by: Ms. María Ángeles Roque | Last update: April 10, 2022
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The Ecuadorian working class celebrates its day today with marches and parades in various parts of the country, a social expression that has its dawn at the beginning of the 20th century, when anarchist influence led to the gestation of the first labor movement in Ecuador, in 1922.

What is the labor movement?

What is the labor movement? The labor movement is a social and political phenomenon that has its origins in England in the eighteenth century. This phenomenon had as its main objective to improve the well-being of workers and arose from the Industrial Revolution and the changes that it brought about.

How did the labor movement arise in Ecuador?

Since the early years of the 20th century (which coincides with the Liberal Revolution), workers’ organizations of an artisanal and/or confessional nature begin to take shape, but also of salaried workers on the railways, in the port of Guayaquil and in the electric company. .

Why did the labor movement occur?

Labor organizations began to be created shortly after the middle of the 19th century, both by the Afro-Argentine worker community and by socialist and anarchist groups that arrived in the great wave of immigration, first as mutuals and later as unions.

What are the consequences of the labor movement?

Consequences: Limitation of the working day. Prohibition of child labor. The approval of laws that guarantee safety in factories.

38 related questions found

Where did the labor movement arise?

The labor movement in Spain began in Catalonia in the 1830s and 1840s, although it was in the Democratic Sexenio when it was really born with the founding of the Spanish Regional Federation of the First International (FRE-AIT) at the Barcelona Labor Congress in 1870. .

What consequences did the second Industrial Revolution have for the worker?

The systematic production developed during the Second Industrial Revolution had as a consequence the acceleration of production, achieving greater competitiveness in the market which, in turn, increased unemployment due to the replacement of employees by machinery.

When did the Argentine labor movement arise?

In 1857, the first labor organization in the country was created in Buenos Aires, the Bonaerense Typographical Society, a mutual that would later become the first Argentine union and the first group of workers to go on strike.

How many labor movements exist in Ecuador?

There are two trade union movements in the country.

What is the labor movement in Colombia?

9 the labor movement is linked to the industrialization process, the one that had the greatest development with the government of General Rafael Reyes, who used the mechanisms of the State to implement customs protectionism that made possible the creation of incentives as a mechanism destined to guide the savings of the …

How many workers’ unions exist at the national level?

Currently there are 5 trade union centers in Argentina: CGT (General Confederation of Labor of the Argentine Republic), currently led by the health leader Héctor Daer.

How many guilds are there in Ecuador?

However, in Ecuador the number of unions has been declining. There are currently 1,605 active organizations, almost half the number in 2017.

What were the first labor actions?

Among the first collective manifestations of workers’ discontent, those aimed at the destruction of factories and machines, which were considered responsible for the deterioration of the living conditions of workers and unemployment, the main scourge of the proletariat, stand out.

What happened to the workers in the 30’s?

The military coup of 1930 found unionism atomized in four centrals: the USA, the COA, the National Committee for Class Unity and the FORA. This was outlawed and its underground forces were diminishing in numbers.

When does anarchism arise in Argentina?

Anarchism has a history in the Argentine Republic since the 19th century, with the influence of the Italian immigrant Errico Malatesta.

What was work like in the second industrial revolution?

The working conditions of the workers were very precarious. They had to work long shifts of twelve hours or more, in factories that did not have adequate lighting or ventilation. Wages were low, and women and children were often hired and paid less.

What are the consequences of the Industrial Revolution?

The main consequence of industrialization was the replacement of the estate society by class society (in which social class was determined by material goods).

How was work organized during the second industrial revolution?

Taylorism and Fordism managed to increase production and productivity, reducing costs. These systems would be the basis of the way of working in the industries from then on, hence their importance. Taylorism was devised by FW Taylor.

When did the labor movement arise in Latin America?

he history of the Latin American labor movement begins to be written at the end of the 19th century and consolidates its formation in the first decades of the 20th century.

What were the first workers’ associations in the Industrial Revolution?

The first workers’ associations were formed in Barcelona, ​​Malaga and Alcoy. In the first decades of their existence they were prohibited, they were only legalized at certain times during the government of the progressives, but the most common thing was that the right of association was denied to workers.

What are the main unions in Ecuador?



What does guild mean in Ecuador?

A guild is understood as a group of workers who share the same trade or profession and the same social status.

What are guilds and associations?

Trade associations are legal persons under private law, made up of a plurality of people who gather their efforts and activities for a non-profit purpose, but of a spiritual or intellectual or sports or recreational nature.

How many unions are there in Argentina 2021?

Of that total, 3,290 are unions; 110, federations, and 19, confederations. The list of 3,419 unions includes the nine unions registered by the Ministry of Labor since Alberto Fernández assumed the presidency of the Nation.

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