What is the object of study of German psychology?

Article by: Guillem Muñoz Segundo | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (Neckarau, Grand Duchy of Baden, August 16, 1832-Großbothen, August 31, 1920) was a German physiologist, physician, psychologist and philosopher, famous for having developed the first experimental psychology laboratory in the city of Leipzig in 1879 to, through the experimental method, …

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In his studies carried out at the Leipzig Laboratory, Germany, he proposes to carry out experiments whose objective is the study of sensory processes: perception, sensation, reaction time, and occasionally association-memory (Boring, 1950).

What is the object of study of Wundt’s psychology?

The object of Wundtian psychology is based on the concept of immediacy. WUNDT divides experience into mediate (experience used as a means to know something other than the experience itself) and immediate, which refers to the experience itself and is the object of psychology (WNDT, 1907).

What did Germany contribute to psychology?

Throughout the second half of the 19th century, psychology experienced a decisive turn in Germany: the philosopher Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) ventured into the creation of a “new psychology” based, on the one hand, on the methodology of anthropology, and on the other, in the experimental methods of physiology.

How can you describe psychology in Germany?

Psychology was born in 1879, in Germany with the first psychology laboratory. Its founder was Wundt. Voluntarism: was the term he used to describe his vision of psychology. Attention controls other psychological processes: perceptions, thoughts, and memories.

How many years does a psychology degree last in Germany?

It takes 5 years for the university degree and the bachelor of science prepares them for the Master’s program.

21 related questions found

What comes up in Germany and your main interest is perception?

Background and historical context of the perception concept

The Gestalt movement was born in Germany under the authorship of the researchers Wertheimer, Koffka and Köhler, during the first decades of the 20th century.

Who was the first to invent psychology?

In 1879, Wilhelm Wundt, Germany, founded psychology as an independent experimental field of study. He created the first laboratory that conducted psychological research exclusively at the University of Leipzig. Wundt is known today as the father of psychology.

What is the science that gives rise to psychology?

Psychology is a relatively new science, detached from philosophy from the eighteenth century, as a result of the philosophical doctrines of empiricism, which began to understand human behavior as a series of stimuli and responses determined by our biology.

What is the object and method of psychology?

Object: observable behavior. Method: experimental observation. It is postulated as the beginning of psychology. He says that psychology must predict, anticipate and control behavior.

What kind of science is psychology?

Psychology is, therefore, the science that studies human behavior and the mental processes by which people know and learn.

What is the origin and meaning of the word psychology?

Psychology is the science that studies mental processes. The word comes from the Greek: psycho- (soul or mental activity) and -logy (study). This discipline analyzes the three dimensions of the aforementioned processes: cognitive, affective and behavioral.

What is the theory of perception?

According to Psychology, this theory helps to distinguish a figure and a background with the stimuli that we are perceiving. The perception or interpretation that we give to images accompany us throughout our lives.

What are the types of perception?


    visual perception, of the two planes of external reality (shape, color, movement); spatial perception, of the three dimensions of external reality (depth); olfactory perception, of smells; auditory perception, of noises and sounds; cenesthesia, of the internal organs;

How does perception occur?

If we limit the study to the visual field, perception is defined by the stimulus produced by light which, in turn, creates a sensation that is analyzed and interpreted in our brain. Although the perceptual act takes place automatically, it is really complex and has multiple implications.

What is perception examples?

Visual perception: the individual and animal obtains information through the eyes. Auditory perception: related to audible sounds. Tactile perception: is concerned with the senses of the skin. Taste perception: the human being perceives substances through the palate.

What is perception and what are its characteristics?

What is Perception? Perception is understood as the set of mental processes through which our brain interprets the stimuli it collects, at a sensory level, from the environment around us, thus creating a conscious impression of reality.

What was the Gestalt theory?

According to Gestalt Theory, closed forms are perceived as more stable forms. We tend to close or complete open forms, seeking to give them more stability. For this reason, we tend to group these individual forms, as part of a group, seeking to compose a closed and complete form.

What does the term psychology mean?

Psychology is the science that studies human behavior and mental processes. Being quite broad, for its study and application it is divided into two aspects: basic psychology and applied psychology.

What kind of science is factual or formal psychology?

Types of factual sciences

the social sciences: those disciplines that study the phenomena related to the human being, their behavior and interaction. These sciences include psychology, sociology and economics.

Why is psychology not considered a science?

Psychology was linked for a long time to philosophy and thought and that is why it has not been considered a science until recently.

Why is psychology a social science?

Definition. Social psychology studies focusing on the individual in society and its impact on the individual, since the human and the social are closely related and complement each other. According to the above definition, scientific refers to the empirical method of investigation.

What is the method of psychology?

Typically, research methods in psychology are divided into three large families. The correlational method, the descriptive method and the experimental method, each one with its peculiarities and advantages over the others.

What is your method of psychology?

Methods used by psychology

The methods used within psychology are the following: correlational research, experimental research, naturalistic observation, case study, interview and survey.

What was the first method and object of psychology?

The methods used within this perspective are the following: correlational research, experimental research, naturalistic observation, case study, survey. The first study laboratory of experimental psychology was founded in 1879 by the German psychologist Wilhelm Wundt.

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