Article by: Salma Santamaría Jr. | Last update: April 10, 2022
The oyster mushroom, oyster mushroom or oyster pleurotus (Pleurotus ostreatus) is a species of basidiomycete fungus of the order Agaricales. It is distributed throughout much of the Holarctic, in temperate zones, although it is cultivated in many parts of the world.
- 1 How is the Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom cultivated?
- 2 How to inoculate the P ostreatus fungus?
- 3 What is Pleurotus?
- 4 What are the types of mushrooms?
- 4.1 How many types of mushrooms are there in Spain?
- 4.2 What are poisonous mushrooms?
- 4.3 What properties does the gargoyle have?
- 4.4 How is mushroom compost made?
- 4.5 How to increase humidity in mushroom cultivation?
- 4.6 How to make a mushroom culture?
- 4.7 How long do mushrooms take to grow?
- 4.8 When to harvest Pleurotus?
- 4.9 How are mushrooms produced?
- 4.10 How are the oyster mushrooms?
- 4.11 What are the medicinal and nutritional properties of the oyster mushroom?
- 4.12 What flavor do oyster mushrooms have?
- 4.13 How to know if a mushroom is poisonous or not?
- 4.14 How to know if a mushroom is edible?
- 4.15 What is the deadly mushroom?
- 4.16 What is the devil’s finger?
- 4.17 What is the rarest mushroom?
- 4.18 What is the rarest mushroom in the world?
- 4.19 What is the most expensive mushroom?
How is the Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom cultivated?
This fungus grows in environments with temperatures from 23 to 32°C with an optimum of 28°C for mycelial growth and from 18 to 20°C for primordia formation, pH from 4.5 to 7 with an optimum of 5.5, substrate humidity between 60 and 70%, and a relative humidity of 80 to 90% (Sánchez & Royse, 2001).
How to inoculate the P ostreatus fungus?
The washed, disinfected and moistened substrate was placed in an aseptic space. Then, the inoculated seed (P. ostreatus.) was placed. This activity is also called inoculation or seeding.
What is Pleurotus?
Pleurotus spp. It is one of the most important groups of commercially cultivated edible mushrooms, ranking second worldwide.
What are the types of mushrooms?
Main edible mushrooms
- Boletus. Boletus (Boletus edulis). … Cappuccino. Cappuccino (Amanita caesarea). … Oyster mushrooms. Thistle mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii). … Mushrooms of Saint George. Saint George mushroom (Calocybe gambosa). … Field eel. Field eel (Cantharellus lutescens). … Morels. … Chanterelle. … Cow tongue.
15 related questions found
How many types of mushrooms are there in Spain?
In Spain there are around 1,500 cataloged species of mushrooms. In fact, it is one of the richest destinations on the planet in terms of mythological variety.
What are poisonous mushrooms?
These are the six most poisonous mushrooms in Spain
- 1- Amanita phalloides (Green Cappuccino/Green Hemlock) Photo: Pinterest. … 2- Amanita verna (White cappuccino/white hemlock) … 3 – Amanita muscaria (fly swatter) … 4- Cortinarius orellanus. … 5- Boletus satanas (Satan’s mushroom) … 6- Gyromitra esculenta (bonnet fungus/false morel)
What properties does the gargoyle have?
Benefits of the girgola
It can also lower blood glucose levels. In addition, like other species of the same genus, it also has an important immunomodulatory and antioxidant action, since it activates the activity of catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase, all of them powerful antioxidants.
How is mushroom compost made?
The most widespread method to produce substrate for the cultivation of mushrooms and oyster mushrooms is pasteurized compost. These substrates are made from lignocellulosic and protein materials, such as cereal straws and various manures.
How to increase humidity in mushroom cultivation?
4 ways to create humidity in a small mushroom greenhouse
humidifiers no. #1 for generating moisture for fungus. Through the use of absorbent humidifiers. …#2 Spray water to maintain moisture.#3 Consider adequate lighting.#4 Maintain proper temperature.
How to make a mushroom culture?
How to harvest mushrooms, step by step
Put on completely sterile rubber gloves, eliminating any possibility of contamination by bacteria or mold. …Place two fingers at the base of the mushroom, gently twisting and pulling the bottom of the stem counterclockwise.
How long do mushrooms take to grow?
One of the great attractions of growing mushrooms at home is being able to see how they begin to grow after about 2-4 weeks, although this time will always depend on the type of mushroom chosen.
When to harvest Pleurotus?
From 15 to 30 days of incubation and growth of the mycelium. From 15 to 20 days in the growing area. From 45 to 60 days of harvest.
How are mushrooms produced?
Its reproduction is carried out by means of spores, these as a whole form the mycelium, from which the body of the fungus or carpophore emerges, whose life and development is very dynamic, they only need temperature, humidity and an adequate amount of light to grow properly. the most varied and capricious forms.
How are the oyster mushrooms?
Oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus) are a variety of edible mushrooms that are grown on poplar trunks under shade in the environmental conditions of the Patagonian valleys, achieving yields comparable to industrial productions.
What are the medicinal and nutritional properties of the oyster mushroom?
Contribution of vitamins, minerals, fiber…
In addition, the oyster mushroom contains for example vitamins B, D, C, and K, unsaturated fatty acids (omega 3,6,7,9) and bioflavonoids. Of the mineral elements and microelements we can find: iron, zinc, potassium, phosphorus, selenium, sodium, iodine and boron.
What flavor do oyster mushrooms have?
Oyster mushrooms or oysters change their shape with respect to the varieties of mushrooms that we mentioned earlier. Its head is similar to a fan and its flavor can vary, from very mild to very strong.
How to know if a mushroom is poisonous or not?
When you collect a mushroom, turn it over and check if the hymenium is in the form of sheets and if they are white. If so, discard it, it is a potentially dangerous mushroom. Also look for one or two ring-shaped folds on the stem, as this is another warning of potential toxicity.
How to know if a mushroom is edible?
To identify edible mushrooms, we must look at numerous variables, which will allow us to identify the species: where they grow, their smell, the size of their stems and caps, their color and, the most decisive element, their hymenium. To identify a mushroom it is crucial to turn it over and observe its hymenium.
What is the deadly mushroom?
– Green cappuccino (Amanita phalloides): This mushroom, also called gutter, death fungus, deadly cape cap and green hemlock, is very abundant in our forests, which makes it the most dangerous and the cause of most fatal poisonings .
What is the devil’s finger?
The “devil’s fingers”, the fungus that produces mucus with the smell of rotten meat.
What is the rarest mushroom?
1. Entoloma hochstetteri. Found in New Zealand and India, this tiny fungus is easily recognized by its vivid blue color, which comes from three azulene pigments.
What is the rarest mushroom in the world?
Blue mushroom (lactarius indigo)
Its sap, a vivid blue color that turns green when oxidized, regularly places it at the top of any list of the rarest mushrooms in the world.
What is the most expensive mushroom?
. The 5 most expensive mushrooms in the world (Updated)
- Yartsa Gunbu – $2,000 an ounce/ Which is the most expensive mushroom in the world. … European White Truffle – $3,600 per pound/ The most expensive mushrooms in the world. …Matsutake – $1,000 to $2,000 per pound. … Morels – $254 per pound/ Mushrooms of the world. … Chanterelles – $224 per pound/ mushroom face.
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