What relationship or what difference is there between the thought of Socrates and the thought of Plato?

Article by: Miguel Ángel Sevilla | Last update: April 10, 2022
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For his part, Plato also defends the body-soul duality, but unlike Socrates he affirms that the soul belongs to the intelligible world and the body to the sensible world, that the body-soul can live separately (for example after death) and that the soul is made up of three parts: rational, irascible and…

What is the relationship between Socrates and Plato?

Plato is the great disciple of Socrates. As such, his work takes a large part of the metaphysical foundation of his teacher, even when he unfolds it and introduces novelties that suppose substantial changes.

What differences exist between the thought of Socrates Plato and Aristotle?

Both thought that the soul had three parts and that it belonged to an intangible world, but for Plato the soul was eternal and immortal like all ideas; while for Aristotle the soul is not eternal, since it is a “form”, it is mortal, it is corrupted and dies.

How are Socrates Plato and Aristotle related?

Socrates: He was a Greek philosopher considered one of the greatest, both in Western and universal philosophy. He was the teacher of Plato, who had Aristotle as his disciple; These three are the fundamental representatives of Greek philosophy.

What does Plato think about Socrates?

Plato learned from Socrates, “an impassive, unaffected, unaffected samurai of wisdom” (Yvon Belaval), that philosophy is self-mastery, a sustained victory over oneself. Wisdom is not positive, empirical knowledge.

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What is the relationship between Aristotle and Plato?

Both trust in the existence of a higher being; Plato thought of a demiurge who created the perfect world through ideas and Aristotle induces a motionless motor, which is the cause of creation. Likewise, both philosophers consider that a being needs to be sociable.

What similarities and differences can be established between the philosophy of Plato and that of Aristotle?

For Plato, the soul is immortal.

And the union of soul and body is unnatural, a constant struggle between its various parts. Aristotle defends a natural and essential union of body and soul, of form and matter that make up the human being.

What is the similarity between Plato and Aristotle?

Both thought that the soul had three parts and that it belonged to an intangible world, but for Plato the soul was eternal and immortal like all ideas, while for Aristotle the soul is not eternal, since it is a “form”, it is Mortal, it corrupts and dies and the time it exists will depend on learning.

Who is Socrates and Plato?

Greek philosopher, Plato was a disciple of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. He was also the founder of the philosophical school The Academy of Athens. Aristocles of Athens, better known as Plato, belonged to a noble family. Aristo, his father, said that he was a descendant of the last king of Athens.

Who is Socrates summary?

Being one of the founders of Western philosophy and the first of the three main representatives of Greek philosophy (along with Plato and Aristotle). He having been Plato’s teacher. Popularize the use of maieutics or “Socratic method” as a guide in the search for truth and knowledge.

Who is the father of philosophy?

Socrates

This great teacher of philosophy and science was born in 470 BC in the now extinct Alopece in what is now Athens.

What is the thought of Socrates?

According to Socrates, the object of philosophy is to teach virtue. For this purpose, it is necessary to previously know the general ethical norms, the universal good, since virtue and knowledge do not form more than a unit. Self-knowledge, the source of virtue, begins with doubt.

What is the difference between Plato and Aristotle?

Summary. He points out that Plato’s thought focuses on the knowledge of himself or his strength, while in Aristotle’s thought he highlights the most rational intelligence or the most logical procedure of his explanation.

What is the difference between Plato and Aristotle?

While Plato considers that they are transcendent and exist in an intelligible world separated in some way from the sensible world, Aristotle believes that there is only one world and that, consequently, universal concepts are immanent, that is, they only fully exist, giving form to concepts. individuals.

What is being for Plato and Aristotle?

According to Plato it is the idea itself, being this: immaterial, absolute, perfect, eternal and immutable. According to Aristotle, being as a substance, composed of matter and form; which are inseparably linked. According to Martin Heidegger, this is one of the biggest mistakes in the history of Philosophy.

Who was Socrates and his philosophical ideas?

Socrates started from the idea that human beings should place their thoughts in the center of the world in order to have a better vision of what surrounds them. His teachings arose from the ethical and moral reflections that led him to the recognition of his own ignorance and lack of knowledge.

Who is the father of philosophy and why?

Socrates is one of the most famous men that humanity has given. Many think that it was he who gave unity to philosophical activity and that Western thought began to take shape thanks to him. In fact, he is considered the father of philosophy and the greatest of Greek thinkers.

Who was the first great philosopher?

“Socrates was the first philosopher to say that the soul is something characteristic of man and is the seat of thought and moral values”

Who was the first philosopher of Athens?

Socrates of Athens or Socrates Sophroniscus was born in Athens in 470 or 469 BC and was killed by poison in 400 or 399 BC. He was the son of Sophroniscus, a sculptor, and Fenareta, who held the position of midwife.

What is the name of Socrates’ son?

Xanthippe (Greek Ξανθίππη Xanthíppē) was the wife of Socrates and the mother of his three sons Lamprocles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus. Xanthippe means “blond horse” in Greek, from ξανθός xanthós (“blond”) and ἵππος híppos (“horse”).

How did Seneca commit suicide?

1871.

Mocking the execution of the imperial order as contempt for Nero, Seneca decided to take his own life. To do this he opened his veins and got into a bathtub, although he eventually died from inhaling the fumes from the bath.

Why is Socrates said to be the father of philosophy?

Socrates is one of the most important figures in Western philosophy and a leading figure in ancient thought. He is considered the founder of moral philosophy. His ideas and his personality marked the culture of the whole world.

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