What type of substance is sulfuric acid?

Article by: Aaron Hernandez | Last update: April 10, 2022
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Sulfuric acid is an extremely corrosive chemical compound with the formula H2SO4. It is the chemical compound that is produced the most in the world, which is why it is used as one of the many meters of the industrial capacity of countries. A large part is used to obtain fertilizers.

What characteristics does sulfuric acid have?

Sulfuric acid is a colorless, oily liquid with a particular odor, depending on its concentration. It has a melting point of 10°C and a boiling point of 337°C. Its density is 1.84g/cm3. It is miscible (soluble) with water, but it generates heat, given its enormous dehydrating effect.

What type of chemical reaction is the formation of sulfuric acid?

Industrially, sulfuric acid is obtained by the contact oxidation method of sulfur dioxide, which is mainly obtained from the combustion of sulfur or metal sulfides (eg pyrite). … The sulfur dioxide is then oxidized to a sulfur trioxide.

What kind of pH does sulfuric acid have?

3. pH (1 N aqueous solution): 0.3 4. Melting temperature (at 1 atm, 93%): -32°C 5. Molar mass: 98.08 g/mol 6.

How is hydrogen sulfide formed?

Hydrogen sulfide is produced by naturally occurring bacteria in the mouth and is partly responsible for bad breath. The degradation of sulfur-containing proteins by bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract also produces hydrogen sulfide.

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What is the procedure of H2SO4?

Production of sulfuric acid (H2SO4)

First it burns the element sulfur to produce sulfur dioxide (SO2). The resulting sulfur dioxide is then cleaned, dried and oxidized to sulfur trioxide (SO3) using oxygen in the presence of a catalyst.

How is sulfuric acid made?

To prepare the diluted sulfuric acid solution, take a perfectly clean 50 mL volumetric flask, add distilled water to approximately half the volume, and then in a fume hood or fume hood, add the calculated volume of concentrated H2SO4, measuring it with a burette.

What is sulfuric acid and what is it used for?

It is used for the treatment of steel, copper, uranium and vanadium and in the preparation of electrolytic baths for the purification and plating of non-ferrous metals. Chemical industry: Plastics and fibers. It is used in the production of hydrochloric acid and hydrofluoric acid.

Where can we find sulfuric acid?

However, we can find this compound in different elements of daily use, although not directly.

    Fertilizers.Car batteries.Drain cleaner.Oil refinery.

How to prepare a solution of 1 normal sulfuric acid?

1N sulfuric acid

49.04 g in 1 litre. Slowly add, with stirring, 30 mL of sulfuric acid to about 1020 mL of water, allow to cool to 25°C, and determine normality by titration against tromethamine as described in 1N Hydrochloric Acid.

How is hydrochloric acid prepared?

To create hydrochloric acid we must start by pouring the hydrogen chloride and water into a plastic or glass container, trying to maintain a proportion that is around 36 grams of hydrogen chloride per 100 ml of water.

How to prepare a solution of hydrochloric acid?

To prepare the 0.5M HCl solution, approximately 500ml of water will be placed in a 2L volumetric flask and 96.7ml of concentrated HCl will be added slowly and then the two liters will be calibrated with water.

What is h2po4?

Phosphoric acid (sometimes called orthophosphoric acid) is an acidic chemical compound (more precisely a ternary compound belonging to the category of oxacids) with the formula H3PO4. It is an orthophosphate whose code in the International Numbering System is E-338.

How does H2SO4 dissociate?

Sulfuric acid is a strong acid, that is, in aqueous solution it easily dissociates into hydrogen ions (H+) and sulfate ions (SO42-). Each molecule produces two H+ ions, so sulfuric acid is dibasic.

What is the oxidation state of H2SO4?

THE OXIDATION NUMBER OF SULFUR IN THE COMPOUND OH2SO4 IS +6.

How are acids formulated?

The chemical formula is written in the following order: the element hydrogen first, then the central element which is a nonmetal, and finally the element oxygen. Each of these elements followed by the number of atoms, written as a subscript.

What does hydrochloric acid contain?

GENERALITIES: Hydrochloric acid is an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride. The name muriatic acid, by which it is also known, was given by Lavoisier, based on the fact that “muriate” indicated the presence of chlorine in inorganic compounds.

What is the pH of sodium hydroxide?

pH (value) 14 (water: 100 g/l, 20 °C) Melting point/freezing point 319 – 323 °C Initial boiling point and boiling range 1,390 °C Flash point not applicable Evaporation rate no data are available Flammability (solid, gas) This information is not available Limits of …

How to prepare 1 molar hydrochloric acid?

Clarification: To prepare the 0.1 M or 0.1 N solution, dissolve 3.64 g of ClH in 1 liter of distilled water. If we start with ClH with a richness of 37% and a density of 1.19, we have to dissolve 9.8 g/l or 8.2 ml/l. As we prepare 500 ml we would take half, that is, 4.9 g or 4.11 ml.

What comes first water or acid?

15. – When an acid has to be diluted, water is never added to the acid, but on the contrary, the acid is added to the water, little by little and with stirring.

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