What was life like for the indigenous people before the arrival of the Spanish?

Article by: Pilar Montes | Last update: April 2, 2022
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Before the arrival of the Spanish, the inhabitants of America lived in a simple way; they had their own organization and way of earning a living. The years that followed the discovery underwent remarkable changes.  They cultivated corn, pumpkin, beans and cassava with simple techniques.


What was life like for the Indians before the conquest?

Before the arrival of the Spaniards in the New World, the Mixtecs, Triquis, and Zapotecs lived separately from the rest of Mexico. They were authoritarian societies in which the majority of the population consisted of peasants who paid tribute and owed work obligations to the ruling minority.

What was life like before the arrival of the Spanish?

In addition to the great empires, there were many peoples with another type of social organization. They lived in villages or towns and practiced the collection of wild fruits, hunting or fishing.

What happened to the indigenous with the arrival of the Spanish?

Between 1492 and 1600, the pre-Columbian population of the Americas was reduced by 90%. From 60 million inhabitants before the arrival of Columbus, in a century the figure dropped to around 6 million indigenous people.

How did the life of the indigenous change with the arrival of the Europeans?

With the arrival of the Spaniards, everything changed starting with the way of living since they were forced to follow a completely different style than what they were used to, the Spanish language brought by the Spaniards, the imposition of the Catholic religion, the bringing of cattle for subsistence, adapt to the new…

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How did the life of the indigenous people change after the conquest?

The epidemics that the colonizers brought eliminated 90% of the indigenous population during the 16th century. … However, by 1700, the population had dropped dramatically to 5 million; which represents the disappearance of 60 million indigenous people, about 400 thousand each year.

How did the life of Latin Americans change with the arrival of the Spanish?

Consequences. The consequences that stand out for their importance in the Conquest of America are: Disappearance of the political and organizational systems of the indigenous peoples (although in each region it happened at different times). Disappearance of many native languages ​​and the near extinction of others.

What happened when the Spanish arrived in Venezuela?

The name of Venezuela

On August 3, 1498, Christopher Columbus discovered the Venezuelan mainland, along the coast of Paria, which he called Tierra de Gracia. It was his third trip, in which he used three caravels to get here: Castilla, Correo and Vachina or Vaquiña.

What was life like in Europe before the discovery of America?

In the Middle Ages, and fundamentally in the last centuries before the discovery of America, social and economic forces were developing in Europe that would lead to expansion towards other continents.

What was life like before the conquest of Mexico?

The first antecedent of the conquest of Mexico is the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus on October 12, 1492. From the first expedition of Columbus to the American continent, the population settles in Haiti.

What was the Spanish way of life like?

The Spanish in colonial times lived in a privileged situation, and characterized by power, wealth and abundance in general. … The main authorities, such as the viceroy, and other people, were appointed by the Spanish crown, for Spaniards.

How did the indigenous communities live?

The activities were diverse. Some were collectors who dedicated themselves to collecting fruits, seashells (chipichipi, clams) or hunting turtles, manatees, alligators and babas in the water or tapirs, deer, rodents and birds on land.

What was the situation in Europe at the time of discovery and conquest?

At the end of the fifteenth century, Europe was in a historical process whose elements, in very different degrees, were intertwined to make possible the expansion of the Old World towards unknown territories and the domination of new populations by the inhabitants of the Old Continent.

What happened in America before the arrival of Columbus?

Before the Conquest, in America there was an uneven development. It had highly populated areas and others almost deserted. Population estimates for the time are very diverse, ranging from 13.5 million inhabitants to 90 or 112 million.

What changes did they have in Europe with the discovery of America and why was it so important for them?

commercial expansion of Europe. Settlement of the hegemony of the conquering kingdoms: Spain, Portugal, England, France and Holland. development of the transatlantic economy. Beginning of the globalization process, that is, the integration of the entire world into a universal historical narrative.

What happened when the Spanish arrived in Venezuela?

At the beginning of August 1498 the ships of his expedition reached the island of Trinidad. From there he approached the coast in front of the Orinoco Delta and headed towards the Gulf of Paria through the Boca de Serpientes. On August 6, Europeans set foot on dry land in South America for the first time.

How did the first individual arrive in Venezuelan territory?

In the case of Venezuela, man probably appeared for the first time 16,000 years ago, due to the migratory currents of other cultures originating in America, from the south through the Amazon, from the west through the Andes and the north through The Caribbean Sea.

How was the use of the land before the arrival of the Spaniards in Venezuela?

Before the Spanish conquest, the study area was occupied by indigenous peoples who engaged in hunting, fishing, fruit gathering, and subsistence farming activities.

What were the changes that occurred with the arrival of the Spanish?

The conclusion would be that with the arrival of the Spaniards many things changed, for example customs, traditions, clothing, ideology, animals, crops, etc. of the cultures that existed before the arrival of the Spaniards, changed an entire history, an entire continent.

What cultural changes occurred after the discovery of America?

Among the cultural consequences are: European culture is introduced in all areas of life, only sometimes if they have indigenous features. Pre-Hispanic rites are adapted to Catholicism. The new Quechua, Nahuatl, etc. languages ​​are preserved.

What changes occurred in the European mentality with the discovery of America?

A triangular trade appeared between Europe, America and Africa: From America to Europe came sugar, cotton, tobacco and other products made by slave labor (Africans) or forced labor (indigenous). Textiles, rum and weapons arrived from Europe to Africa.

What was life like after the conquest?

Little by little, lifestyles and customs also changed. The mixture of cultural influences produced something new, which already had its own features. Even those who descended from Europeans, but had been born and raised in these lands, felt more American…

What was happening in Europe at the time of Columbus?

During these explorations, Europeans came to previously unknown inhabited and uninhabited territories, most of the territories were already inhabited, some recent scholars call this era as the contact period or the era of European expansion.

What was happening in Europe in the year 1492?

1492 was the beginning of the discovery of Europe, not America.

What was the social, political and economic situation in Spain at the time of the discovery of America?

Social situation: The feudal regime persisted (government system and form of political, economic and social organization, based on the obligation of vassals to be faithful to their lords in exchange for land or rents given in usufruct), while increased the development of cities.

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