What was the first railway route in Bolivian territory?

Article by: Carlos Covarrubias | Last update: April 10, 2022
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The first route laid in Bolivia was the Uyuni – Antofagasta railway, in 1889. It was mainly used by wagons loaded with silver, which left the Huanchaca mines. That was the beginning of the route that today joins Oruro and Villazón, passing through Tupiza and Atocha.

What was the first railway route?

According to popular belief and many non-specialist history books, the world’s first railway was the Stockton-Darlington line, opened on September 27, 1825.

What was the first railway in Bolivia?

Then, unquestionably, the Bolivian mining reality would say otherwise. In 1873, the Compañía de Salitres de Antofagasta laid the first railway line in the section that linked the El Carmen salt flat and the port of Antofagasta.

What are the main railway lines that Bolivia had?

Bolivia’s rail infrastructure is divided into two unconnected networks: the western network, which crosses the main cities and mining centers of the highlands and connects them with Chile, Peru and Argentina; and the eastern network, which connects Santa Cruz and other points in the region with Argentina and Brazil.

Who built the first railway in Bolivia?

The antecedents to build railways in Bolivia, as we have already mentioned, date from the year 1856, when the Bolivian president General Jorge Córdoba tried to introduce a railway in the country that “departs from the port of Cobija to a point in Calama”; That same year, the governments of Peru and Bolivia project…

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Which president promoted the arrival of the first train to Bolivia?

The railway in Bolivia was the undertaking of Dr. Aniceto Arce Ruíz, owner of the “Huanchaca” Mining Company, which was the only proponent that responded to the November 15, 1887 call made by the government of President Gregorio Pacheco, who by means of a supreme decree called companies to…

Which presidents built railroads?

Ramón Castilla, of course the initiator, later José Balta, José Pardo, Manuel Pardo, Nicolás de Piérola Villena and Augusto Leguía are among the rulers who did the most for this item. It can be said that until 1930 railways were built in Peru.

What is the importance of the railway network in the development of Bolivia?

On the other hand, Bolivia being a Mediterranean country, the railways played a fundamental role and the history of its railways is the history of the country’s efforts to reach first the Pacific ports and then the Atlantic ports.

What is the importance of rail transport in the Bolivian economy?

He explained that about 35% of Bolivia’s GDP circulates through the railway network, hence the importance of the train for the development of the national economy.

How are the trains today in Bolivia?

The Bolivian rail network is 3,697 kilometers long; which were completed in the 1950s. Currently, the infrastructure has changed very little, although small new sections have been included and improvement works have been carried out on others on an ongoing basis.

What was the first railway in Peru?

The Lima-Callao train began to operate on May 17, 1851, just 30 years after the independence of Peru, after having been built by English private capital with the sponsorship of the Government of Ramón Castilla, although it was inaugurated by the regime of Jose Rufino Echenique.

What were the first railways?

The Railways in Mexico

The first railway section established in Mexico, eleven kilometers long, was inaugurated in 1850 and connected the port of Veracruz with El Molino, near the San Juan River.

What was the first railway line in Spain?

Havana-Güines Railway, the first railway in Spain. The history of the first Spanish railway and the first in Latin America begins on November 19, 1837, with the inauguration of the line between Havana and Bejucal in the current Republic of Cuba (then a province of Spain).

How gender economy rail transport in Bolivia?

Rail transport in Bolivia maintains its close and traditional relationship with the shipment of raw materials and fuel, although it continues to be the least important transport both at the national and subregional levels.

What is the importance of railways?

The railway was an invention that revolutionized the economy in the 19th century as it allowed goods to be moved from the places of production, the countryside, to the place of manufacture, in the cities.

How does rail transportation in Bolivia contribute to the national economy?

The competitive position of rail transport allows the mining industry to increase mineral export levels and productivity, thus stimulating the growth of the sector.

What is the railway network?

The Railway Network of General Interest is made up of the railway infrastructures that are essential to guarantee a common rail transport system throughout the territory of the State or whose joint administration is necessary for the proper functioning of such common system of …

Who built the first railway in Peru?

The Lima-Callao train began to operate on May 17, 1851, just 30 years after the independence of Peru, after having been built by English private capital with the sponsorship of the Government of Ramón Castilla, although it was inaugurated by the regime of Jose Rufino Echenique.

Who built the Central Railway of Peru?

The road work was carried out by the Polish civil engineer Ernesto Malinowski and the American contractor Henry Meiggs. In 1893, the Central Railroad reached La Oroya and in 1904 it was extended to Cerro de Pasco.

Who built the Lima La Oroya railway?

The engineer Malinowski took the railway to La Oroya in 1893. Later in 1905, the Peruvian government approved its continuation to Huancayo, this last station was completed in 1908.

When was the first train created?

The first railway that ran in the world was from Stockton to Darlington (Great Britain) in 1825 and the first steam locomotives that ran on our lines were British. The first railway arrived in the Iberian Peninsula in 1848, covering the Barcelona-Mataró line.

Who inaugurated the first railway line?

In Mexico, the railway history began in 1837 when President Anastasio Bustamante awarded the former finance minister, Francisco Arriaga, the construction of the first railway line that was intended to link the port of Veracruz to the capital of Mexico at an estimated cost of $ 6,500,000.

What were the first railways like?

The train was originally made up of 4 cars for 30 passengers each and a central side entrance. They were 4-axle, made of wood, quite luxurious at first and lit with oil lamps. The freight cars were 12 and could carry up to 5 tons each.

What were the railways like before?

The railways required guides for the transport of the wagons; it was necessary to have a metal line on which to mount the wagons and for them to be pulled by the locomotive. These railway lines were built as parallel lines separated by a specific measure.

What were the main railway lines?

Map of Mexico with the first railway line between Veracruz and Mexico City.

Railway Concessions

    Baja California Railroad (BJRR) Chiapas Mayab Railroad (FCCM) Valley of Mexico Railroad and Terminal (Ferrovalle) Southeast Railroad (FSRR) Coahuila Durango Line (LFCD) Transisthmian Railroad.

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