When was the glass thermometer invented?

Article by: Hector Chapa Segundo | Last update: April 10, 2022
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HISTORY OF THE THERMOMETER

Prior to the use of mercury, alcohol was used, and it was Galileo Galilei, who in 1610 created a thermometer made up of a glass tube that ends in a closed sphere.

Who invented the glass thermometer?

The first thermometers, a sealed glass tube inside which liquids such as alcohol or mercury were used, which, by changing their volume with temperature, allowed the temperature to be determined by marking the surface of the glass. They were invented by Ole Christensen Romer and Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit.

Who invented the thermometer in the 16th century?

But… really when and who invented the thermometer? At the end of the 16th century, Galileo built the first thermoscope. It was a glass tube that ended in a closed sphere, which after heating it, submerged the tube at its open end in water, so that, when it cooled, its level rose a little.

What was the oldest thermometer?

The creator of the first thermoscope was Galileo Galilei; this could be considered the predecessor of the thermometer. It consisted of a glass tube ending in a closed sphere; the open end was immersed upside down in a mixture of alcohol and water, while the sphere remained on top.

Who invented the mercury thermometer and in what year?

Around the year 1714 it was Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit who created the bulb mercury thermometer, formed by a glass capillary of uniform diameter communicated at its end with an ampoule filled with mercury.

40 related questions found

Who created mercury?

It was first distinguished as an element by the French chemist Antoine Laurent Lavoisier in his experiments on the composition of air.

Who invented a mercury thermometer in 1747?

It is estimated that the inventor of the thermometer (a word that comes from the Greek thermes and metron, measure of heat) was Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist, head of Mathematics at the University of Padua, considered one of the fathers of modern science.

What was the last thermometer?

The latest development in the world of thermometers is the ear thermometer, which was invented by Theodore Hannes Benzinger during World War II. David Phillips invented the infrared ear thermometer in 1984.

What did Galileo Galilei call the thermometer?

The thermoscope was a revolutionary device. In the early 17th century there was no way to quantify hot or cold. Measuring heat was quite a challenge that Galileo undertook. It consisted of a glass cylinder closed at the ends and with a mixture of water and alcohol inside.

How many types of thermometer have there been?

types of thermometers

    · Digital thermometer. · Digital ear thermometer. · Infrared thermometer (non-contact) · Gun thermometer (non-contact) · Mercury thermometer.

Who modified Galileo Galilei’s thermometer?

At the beginning of the 17th century, Santorio Santorio was one of the most prominent doctors in Italy. During his youth he practiced his profession first in Croatia and then in Venice, and between 1611 and 1624 he was professor of medicine at the University of Padua, later returning to Venice, where he died in 1636.

Who was the inventor of the thermometer and what does it consist of?

The first inventor of the thermometer is estimated to have been Galileo Galilei, in 1592. It basically consisted of a glass tube with a hollow glass sphere at its upper end, into which a liquid was introduced that, when heated, rose through the tube.

How has the thermometer changed?

The inventor of the thermometer is Galileo Galilei in the year 1592. … The inventor of the mercury thermometer is Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in the year 1715 in Germany. … In 1715, the German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit substituted mercury for alcohol, improving the thermometer by expanding its possibilities.

What is the name of the first thermometer?

From thermoscope to thermometer

In this way, the first clinical thermometer in history appeared. Initially, the term coined by Galileo continued to be used, and the term “thermometer” did not appear until 1624, when the Jesuit Jean Leurechon used it for the first time in a treatise on thermodynamics.

How many types of thermometers are there and what is their function?

Thermocouples are responsible for measuring temperature based on said electromotive force. – Resistance thermometer: It uses a metal wire that changes its electrical resistance when the temperature varies. – Globe thermometer: Measures the radiant temperature.

What is the god of mercury?

The Greek god Hermes is also called Mercury in Roman mythology. Although they are different names, they are the same deity and are represented in the same way in paintings, mosaics, engravings, sculptures, etc. Hermes was the son of Zeus — the father of all gods — and the nymph Maya.

What is mercury and what is it used for?

Metallic mercury is the typical metallic liquid used in thermometers and some electrical switches. At room temperature, some metallic mercury will evaporate into the air and form mercury vapors. Mercury vapors are colorless and odourless.

What is the heaviest metal in the world?

Osmium, the heaviest metal

The densest naturally occurring element on the planet is osmium, a metal belonging to the platinum family. Osmium is a material that was discovered by Smithson Tennant in 1803, thanks to a residue that remains when native platinum is dissolved in aqua regia.

What instruments did Galileo Galilei build?

In 1609 Galileo would build one of his most famous objects, the telescope, but Galileo did not invent the telescope. What Galileo Galilei did was improve the telescope and be one of the first to use it to observe stars, planets and other objects in space.

Why was the thermometer invented?

The history of the thermometer is born from the hand of Galileo Galilei, who built an instrument sensitive to temperature variation. The history of the thermometer is born from the hand of Galileo Galilei. We use it to measure our temperature, especially when we are sick.

Who invented the modern thermometer model that we know and use today?

The physicist Fahrenheit was the one who invented the first modern thermometer.

What is the origin of the temperature scales?

Galileo is known to have built equipment that measured changes in temperature sometime around 1592. Apparently, Galileo used the contraction of air in a container to move a column of water, and the height of the column was used to indicate the intensity of the movement. cooling.

How did the temperature scales arise?

The Celsius scale was invented in 1742 by the Swedish astronomer Andrew Celsius. This scale divides the range between the freezing and boiling temperatures of water into 100 equal parts. You will sometimes find this scale identified as the centigrade scale.

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