Why were there Spaniards in Mauthausen?

Article by: Ing. Lola Enríquez | Last update: April 10, 2022
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They were exiles who, after leaving Spain in 1939, had been recruited into the French Army and who, at the time of the Wehrmacht’s invasion of France, were captured by the Germans. Between 1940 and 1945 some 7,200 Spaniards passed through Mauthausen and its subcamps, of whom 5,000 died.

How many Spaniards were in Mauthausen?

For years, the data of 4,427 people who died in the Nazi concentration camp of Mauthausen-Gusen between 1940 and 1945 were cornered in some old books at the headquarters of the Central Civil Registry, in Madrid’s calle de la Montera.

What kind of prisoners were in Mauthausen?

Among those deported to Mauthausen, the majority came from Poland, followed by Soviet citizens and Hungarians. In addition, large groups of Germans and Austrians, French, Italians, Yugoslavs and Spaniards were also imprisoned in Mauthausen.

What was the worst concentration camp?

Around 1.1 million people died in Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest death camp in human history. The gas chambers and crematory ovens killed up to 5,000 people a day.

Who liberated Mauthausen?

American forces liberated Mauthausen on May 5, 1945.

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What happened at Mauthausen?

About 9 million people were killed during the war in concentration camps like Mauthausen-Gusen. Only 80,000 survived. The SS, before withdrawing on May 4, 1945, tried to destroy evidence, including documentation on prisoners.

When did they close Mauthausen?

On May 5, 1945, 75 years ago today, the United States liberated this concentration camp located in Austria. However, much information about this event has been ignored.

What was the largest concentration camp?

Auschwitz was the largest and most highly organized of the Nazi death camps. More people were killed there than in any other camp. It was actually three camps in one: a concentration camp, an extermination center, and a complex of slave camps.

What was the last extermination camp?

The vast majority died in the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp. Six million Jews died in the Holocaust, the Nazis’ campaign to eradicate Europe’s Jewish population. And Auschwitz, precisely, was at the center of that genocide.

When was Auschwitz liberated?

The Germans had dismantled these camps in 1943, after most of the Polish Jews had been killed. In January 1945, the Soviets liberated Auschwitz, the largest concentration and extermination camp.

Where is the stairway of death?

Today, the “staircase of death” is part of the guided tours of the Mauthausen Memorial. The stairs have been renovated and straightened so that tourists can climb them easily, not like in previous years when they were steep and slippery.

What does Mauthausen mean?

Extermination camp for prisoners of war and politicians during Nazism.

Where is Gusen?

The Gusen concentration camp is the set of three prison camps in Upper Austria to the east of the city of Linz during the Nazi regime that are the following: Gusen I, founded in 1938/1940. Gusen II, founded in 1944.

How many Spaniards died in World War 2?

The total number of Blue Division casualties rose to 22,700 – 3,934 battle deaths, 570 deaths from disease, 8,466 wounded, 7,800 sick and 1,600 frostbitten.

How many Spaniards fought in World War II?

Around 10,000 Spanish republicans fought against Nazism and fascism in the ranks of the allies in World War II, to which should be added the 55,000 who were part of the companies of foreign workers mobilized by the French army, according to estimates. of the researcher and…

Who was Albert Heim?

Aribert Heim (June 28, 1914 – possibly died August 10, 1992) was an Austrian Nazi physician, also known as Doctor Death.

What were the extermination camps?

The extermination camps were centers designed to carry out genocide. Between 1941 and 1945, the Nazis created six extermination camps on formerly Polish territory: Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Auschwitz-Birkenau (part of the Auschwitz complex), and Majdanek.

Who liberated the Auschwitz camp?

The man who opened the gates of that hell and freed it from Nazi rule was Shapiro, a 32-year-old battalion commander, who freed the 500 prisoners who were there.

What is the difference between Auschwitz and Birkenau?

Auschwitz II (Birkenau) is the camp that most people know as Auschwitz. Hundreds of thousands of Jews were imprisoned there and more than a million deportees and tens of thousands of Gypsies were executed. The camp is in Birkenau, about 3 km from Auschwitz I.

How to return from Auschwitz to Krakow?

To go to Auschwitz from Krakow you must take the bus that takes you to the town of Oswiecim, although you must get off beforehand at the Oswiecim Muzeum stop. There are several bus lines that cover that route, and some of them even have the memorial as their last stop.

What was the purpose of Auschwitz?

Auschwitz-Birkenau plays a central role in the German plan to exterminate the Jews of Europe. Between March and June 1943, four large crematorium buildings are built. Each has three components: an area for undressing, a large gas chamber, and crematorium ovens.

Who was Anne Frank?

Anne Frank was a German Jewish Holocaust victim who became famous for keeping a diary of her experiences. Ana and her family went into hiding for two years to avoid Nazi persecution. What Anne documented during that time is now published in The Diary of Anne Frank.

Who was the winner of World War II?

In May 2021, the Russian Federation was the only country in the world to celebrate as it deserved, the triumph of the Allied forces over Nazi Germany.

How to get to the Mauthausen concentration camp?

Mauthausen and the Mauthausen concentration camp are 120 kilometers from Salzburg. To get there by public transport, in about 2 hours and 30 minutes you have to take a train from Salzburg main station to Linz central station, take a bus and walk for 20 minutes.

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